Es que en lo no-experimental de las investigaciones científicas pueden participar no pocos procedimientos que son denominados cuasi-experimentales. En el ordenamiento interno de estos procedimientos, como es harto comprensible, no se puede provocar el fenómeno. El fenómeno ocurrió, ¡ocurrió! (como es rutina -por ejemplo- para el médico cuando se halla con la enfermedad del paciente)... Lo que procede entonces, luego de observar cuidadosamente el problema, es establecer comparaciones, analogías, parecidos, isomorfias...
It is that in the non-experimental of scientific research, not a few procedures that are called quasi-experimental can participate. In the internal ordering of these procedures, as is quite understandable, the phenomenon cannot be caused. The phenomenon happened, it happened! (As is routine -for example- for the doctor when he encounters the patient's illness) ... What then, after carefully observing the problem, is to establish comparisons, analogies, similarities, isomorphies...
In science there is an idea that is paradigmatic: Objective reality is the entity that gives life and meaning to science. There are other objects that this special and precious type of theory (science) assumes in its illuminating investigative and expository work, such as language and, together with it, thought and emotionality (additional objects the which carry with them human invoice); but without ambiguity, it must be clear that objective reality (natural phenomena and social relationships) is fundamental, the determining factor in all investigative action and - together with it - in all scientific discourse . Good. For the work of investigating that science forges in those media in which it has a place, the procedure of artificially provoking the phenomenon and then consciously controlling everything possible in terms of the movement that it displays in order to evaluate the results, it represents -because- a piece of gold. Of course, if such provocation and if such controlled work is guided by a hypothesis regarding the cause-effect relationships that occur in the object under investigation, then the relevant assessment must be not only more plausible (logically ), but more objective (in fact); Of course, with the zigzag of success and failure that every hypothesis differentially carries with it ...
As can be seen, we have alluded not only to the experiment as a specific procedure, but to the deductive hypothetical method as one of the most recognized complex routes of penetration that of objective reality , owns science. So much so that classical literature tends to refer to the matter (passing through a sometimes chronic myopia) as "the scientific method", just like that ... Yes, just as if this method were the only one.
Ah, but what leads us to title this article is that not everything remarkable about what science does, enjoys the procedural support of the experimental. It happens that the portion of scientific knowledge is immense, which has emerged from procedures not necessarily experimental. In the world of science, what normally happens in the crimonological and criminological environment occurs ... Most of the perpetrators, complicities and other aspects associated with the crime, manage to reach the evidentiary instance at the point of a series of methods that, while still passing by peripheral procedures of causality, they do not involve systemic, structural experiments! It would not occur to any police investigation body (or to any judge) to provoke a crime of this kind to - in those precise terms - observe, compare, accuse and judge.
It is that in the non-experimental of the scientific investigations not few procedures that are denominated quasi-experimental can participate. In the internal ordering of these procedures, as is quite understandable, the phenomenon cannot be caused. The phenomenon happened, it happened! (As is routine -for example- for the doctor when he encounters the patient's illness) ... What then, after carefully observing the problem, is to establish comparisons, analogies, similarities, isomorphies ... If in such Confrontation task sprout the clues according to which the hypothesis that guides the investigative work is plausible (which has assumed that the object under study is associated with the factor that is handled in the quasi-experimental study), then the plate is served of the conclusions. What we have just referred to in terms of the practices of professionals who deal with studying and punishing crime and professionals who deal with health, registers a quasi-experimental order of things, as quasi-experimental is a diamond arm of scientific research (although not unique).
Here we could continue to bring up more reflections on this curious subject of science, but perhaps what is most important in this is that although experimentation is the superior expression of the scientific method called hypothetical deductive, since in this objective reality " speaks most clearly, "is the appeal to logic another diamond procedure. Yes. The "clawing" (in the best sense of the expression), to the logical (because it is unable to do so with reality itself) is a resource in many cases, defining.
Someone in my town said many decades ago ...Someone in my town said many decades ago ... "If that animal you are talking about has a turtle shell, it walks like a turtle, moves its head like a turtle and has neck skin like a turtle's ... well! is a turtle!".
- Hemos usado el traductor Google.
- Fuente de imágenes: