Author: @madridbg, through Power Point 2010, using public domain images.
Greetings again my dear members of the community @project.hope. Continuing with the contextualization of contents of technological interest, in this opportunity we will approach the use of robotics and bio-inspired algorithms implemented in the eradication of the weeds present in the agricultural crops, as an alternative that works in benefit of the environmental protection since it allows to leave aside the use of pesticide in the fields of production and agriculture in general.
The invention has been carried out through the multidisciplinary effort of researchers from the Center for Automation and Robotics, and the Polytechnic University of Madrid, the device is aimed at using high-frequency laser technology to eliminate unwanted weeds in crops, for its part bio-inspired algorithms, allows the team to detect the species and act against it, without using substances or chemicals (pesticides and pesticides) that pollute the plantations and the environment.
Fig. 2. Tecnología láser utilizada para erradicar malas hierbas. Author:OpenClipart-Vectors
The surprising thing of the process, is that the artificial intelligence allows the robot to discriminate according to its phenotypic characteristics the desired cultures of the undesired ones, replicating the action of the human operation.
According to Pablo González, active researcher of the process:
"This technology, by focusing directly on the meristems and not using pesticides or pesticides, provides a clean solution to the problem of eliminating weeds and will help to significantly reduce chemicals in the environment". .
Fig. 3. Technology directly attacks the herb's meristems, making it easier to eradicate it Author:ll C
Likewise, with the implementation of this type of technological process, the capacity of environmental load is respected, the contamination of soils by chemical substances is avoided, and damage to health by the transfer of toxic substances is prevented. After the first analysis, the equipment is adapted to the physical-chemical and microbiological conditions of the land so that it can calculate the necessary times for weed control, as well as the laser intensity needed to achieve total eradication.
This is a function of the resistance, dispersion capacity, and nutrient consumption that some weed species may present, which compete with the crops for the nutrients provided by the soil. This aspect causes scarce production of fields and low quality crops, such effects lead to an economic investment in pesticides and nutrients that counteract the adverse effects of the soil.
Fig. 4. The bio-remediation process seeks to remove heavy metal concentrations from wastewater and coastal areas Author: pxhere
In this sense, technological processes have arrived to facilitate our lifestyle, as long as they are implemented respecting the care and preservation of the environment. Therefore, I invite you to leave your perspective in the comments section.
 Albóniga and Col. (2008). Laser-controlled device to be coupled to tractors. Agricultural Technical Sciences Magazine, vol. 17, no. 1 pp. 18-20. Agrarian University of Havana Fructuoso Rodríguez Pérez. Havana, Cuba. Article: Online Access
Grateful with the community @project.hope and with all the management team of the same one that they motivate us to continue working in a mutual and balanced growth.