What Your Nutritionist Won't Tell You About the Glycemic Index of Food

in STEMGeeks4 months ago

The glycemic index (GI) is a measure of how fast different foods release their carbs into your blood. Foods that have a high GI release their carbs quickly, so you get a burst of energy and feel full after eating them.
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Foods that have a low GI take longer to digest, so you don’t get as much energy from them. And if you eat more than one of those low-GI foods at once, they won’t affect your blood sugar levels as much. This can be helpful if you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes and want to limit how often your sugar peaks. But it’s not the only thing to consider when it comes to food and insulin sensitivity, either! Here are some other important things your nutritionist probably won’t tell you about the glycemic index:

Glucose should be absorbed smoothly after eating

The glycemic index is just one factor that affects how quickly you absorb different foods. Often, carbohydrates are digested in the small intestine, where they can be reabsorbed into the bloodstream and sent to other parts of the body. A delay in digestion means there’s a smaller chance of insulin being released. Therefore, foods with a low GI can help you avoid the dreaded insulin resistance (when your cells stop responding to the hormone). Insulin resistance can cause obesity and diabetes, but it can also cause serious liver damage. Therefore, eating foods with low GI is a way to protect your liver from damage.

A low-glycemic diet aids weight loss

The glycemic index of a diet isn’t just about insulin resistance, glucose release, and weight loss. The glycemic load, too, can affect weight loss. The diet with the lowest glycemic load (20 or lower) is likely to aid weight loss because it’s low in sugar and high in complex carbohydrates. A diet with a low glycemic load causes a lowered insulin response and metabolism, so your body burns fewer calories and is less likely to store fat.

The high-glycemic diet encourages weight gain

A high-glycemic load diet, which contains foods with a high GI, has a high likelihood of raising your blood sugar and encouraging weight gain. This is because the foods rapidly release glucose into your blood, causing your metabolism to increase and your body to store fat. WHAT’S WRONG WITH THE HIGH-Glycemic diet? High-glycemic foods like white bread, barley, potatoes, and sugary fruits, can cause a spike in your blood sugar and encourage weight gain. A diet with a high glycemic load also lacks complex carbohydrates, which are often low in calories and nutritious, and will leave you feeling hungry.

Low-glycemic carbs spike blood glucose, insulin response, and glucagon inhibition

Low-glycemic carbs are digested more slowly than high-glycemic ones, so are less likely to cause rapid rises in blood sugar and insulin. This can help improve insulin sensitivity and boost metabolism. But low-GI carbs also affect the hormones that control hunger and satiety. High blood glucose levels can stimulate the hormone appetite, causing you to eat more foods. High insulin levels can reduce appetite, making you feel less hungry.

A low-glycemic diet isn't an ideal approach to weight loss

Nutritionists often tell clients to follow a low-GI diet as a way to lose weight. But no evidence following a low-GI diet will help you lose weight unless you’re also following a low-calorie diet.

A low-glycemic diet is better for individuals with diabetes

A low-glycemic diet is beneficial for people with diabetes because there are still plenty of carbs that are low in sugar. It’s best to follow a diet that’s low in added sugar and high in complex carbohydrates, like whole grains, legumes, and vegetables. You’ll be less likely to experience weight gain because you’re not consuming high amounts of sugar. And you’ll also be less likely to experience metabolic dysfunction. Metabolic dysfunction is when the body doesn’t produce enough energy, is at risk of infection, and is prone to weight gain.

The no-fat diet is wrong about the fact that all fat is harmful to the body

The low-fat diet is often wrong about the fact that all fat is unhealthy, and it's because Saturated fat might likely not do anything good for your body. An unsaturated fatty acid isn’t harmful to the body because some unsaturated fatty acids, like those found in olive oil and nuts, are good for the body.

The unhealthy fat is the saturated and trans fats

Trans fats are unhealthy, and saturated fat does have adverse effects on the heart, but unsaturated fat isn’t anything to worry about.

Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated are considered healthy for the body too

Monounsaturated fat, found in olive oil and nuts, isn’t associated with negative effects on the body. And polyunsaturated fat, found in fish and vegetable oils, is typically not associated with negative health effects either.

A proper diet should have healthy fatty acids and eliminate solid fats

Healthy fats are found in vegetables, nuts, fish, and avocados. Healthy fats will help you feel satisfied after eating and prevent weight gain. Solid fats, like margarine and shortening, should be avoided because they are bad for the heart and body.

Protein supplements aren't a good replacement for actual food

Protein supplements work by increasing the number of amino acids in your blood, which can then be used to build new muscles. But protein supplements on the market today aren’t used for building muscles completely. They are best used as a quick nutrition boost, between meals, or when access to actual food is low(during travels).

Protein supplements can’t replace the protein found in animal products. Beef, chicken, eggs, fish, etc. Protein powders can be added to smoothies and other drinks, but they can’t be used to replace the protein found in animal products.

Protein supplements can’t build muscles on their own

The truth is, as an athlete, you can’t build muscles on supplements alone. That’s why you need insulin; it’s what allows the glucose in your blood to be used by the muscles. So, yes, you do need insulin, but you also need amino acids to build muscles.

Protein supplements are digested in the small intestine, so they can’t be absorbed by the muscles and used to build new muscles. You need amino acids from protein from food to build muscles. This is where the whole-foods-are-best concept comes in: whole foods provide amino acids in a much more efficient and effective way than protein supplements.

Protein synthesis plus Amino acids influence muscle growth

In the body, one muscle protein is broken down into Amino acids, which are then used to make new muscle proteins, this is called protein synthesis. When you strength train, your body uses amino acids from muscle proteins to make new glucose molecules, this is called glucose disposal.

One of the reasons whole foods are better than protein supplements is that they come with added Amino acids. These Amino acids help build new glucose molecules, which results in a boost in energy and increased muscle growth.

So why do you need to eat whole foods more than supplements?

It’s not that you don’t get enough amino acids from eating whole foods, it’s just that whole foods provide more Amino acids in a way that’s better for building muscles. Again, eating whole foods is also more satiating, which can help you feel fuller for longer. Now, it may seem like protein supplements are a quick fix for muscle gains, but they’re a crutch that can cause harm in the long run. By eating real foods, you’ll get the same benefits without the downsides of supplements.

Conclusion

The low-glycemic diet has a low GI, which means it doesn’t cause a spike in blood sugar. It’s a good choice for people with diabetes who want to keep their sugar levels stable. The high-glycemic diet, meanwhile, has a high GI, which results in a rapid spike in blood sugar. This is a great option for those who want to increase their insulin production in muscles or athletes who want to force their bodies to store more carbs as glycogen.

People with diabetes should try to eat foods with a low GI to keep blood sugar levels stable. But people who are training for an athletic event, such as a marathon or bike ride, may prefer to eat foods with a high GI to increase muscle glycogen stores. Also, bodybuilders and other athletes who want to maximize muscle growth may want to eat foods with a high GI.

References:

Glycemic Index: How to Determine High vs Low Glycemic Foods

Low GI Explained

Carbohydrates and the glycaemic index

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As i know, no supplement or vitamin replace the regular intake in food. Maybe they are good if you have some deficiency . People addicted to gym lose tons of money in supplements and vitamines…
Thanks
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That's very true. The nutrients in food can't be replaced by any of those supplements.

But why do Gym instructors promote supplements and vitamins anyway? 🤔

Thanks for reading.

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I appreciate. Thank you.

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