# A Trip At Light Speed And The Objective Reality.

in StemSocial7 months ago

Eyesight is the most dominant sense that humans have. When we look around us we see the world in a myriad of different colors.

This light that we can see, however, is just a very tiny fraction of all the electromagnetic waves that are there in the universe. The part of the frequencies that we can normally see is in the spectrum of (4.3 x 10¹⁴) Hz to (7.5 x 10¹⁴) Hz

But the whole spectrum contains everything that we can't see from radio waves to gamma rays. [1]

Light is really just energy in the form of an electromagnetic wave, governed by this simple equation:

### (E = hv)

Energy = Planck's constant multiplied by how fast the wave oscillates through spacetime. (the frequency) [2], [3]

The electromagnetic waves that are visible to us, are nothing special at all as that equation states, all electromagnetic waves are equivalent except for the fact that higher frequency waves are more energetic and lower frequency waves carry lower energies.

The speed at which those waves propagate at though is special.

💫 ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ 💫

All light is made of massless particles called Photons, as all massless objects, they travel at the maximum speed allowed by the universe. ✨

The universe has an upper limit to how fast information can flow from one part in it to another, a finite limit to the rate of this information travel, a speed that we call c, which assures that causation is preserved in the universe. And that's the speed at which light travels.[4]

We live in a relativistic world, and in our normal daily life we might not encounter this but the world can look very different if we approach those high speeds.

What would we see if we can travel at those very high speeds or closer to the speed of light?

We would be looking at a very different-looking universe, nothing like what it looks like when we are standing still.

### The Doppler effect:

Illustration made by Me using Picsart App and text emoji
Have you ever wondered why the sound of an ambulance siren passing by, as it is approaching you it makes a high-pitched noise, then after it passes that changes to a low-pitched noise.

Well, the sound gets mediated through the air at a finite speed, it propagates in a circular wavefront, but because of the movement of the vehicle, each wavefront is sent out from a different position as it moves.

So the wavefronts get packed closer to each other in the direction of the movement, resulting in a higher frequency wave, so you hear a higher-pitched noise.

Similarly, after the ambulance passes you, those wavefronts get further apart in the opposite direction, resulting in lower frequency sound waves and hence the lower-pitched noise.

The soundwaves get stretched in the backward direction of the movement and they are compressed in the forward direction.[5]

Image from Pixabay
Relativistic Doppler effect:

Similarly, a light-emitting object that is moving at very high speeds compared to the observer will give out the same effect, but only on much larger scales, it can become visible. We can't see that on earth because the speeds we experience whether in a car or flying in an airplane are a very tiny fraction of the speed of light, but we can see that in the cosmos.

Looking in a telescope, we can see that most galaxies are red-shifted, we see the lower frequency waves just like when the ambulance was moving away from us, a few also appear blue-shifted because they are moving in our direction instead.[6]

As mentioned earlier, we cannot experience much of that effect at our normal speeds, but what if we go in a spaceship and start moving super fast relative to our surroundings, how would things appear to us then?

### Colors Distortion:

Well, our eyes can pick up certain wavelengths, and our brain interprets those as colors so we see what we see usually. A light with a wavelength of 700 nanometers, for example, gets picked up by our eye then our brain interprets that specific signal it receives as a red light.

What happens when we move towards that same light at super fast speed (say at 20% of the speed of light) is that we see the same light which was red as a yellow color light instead, due to the wavelength shift.

The light source didn't change, our eyes didn't change, but the relativistic doppler effect changes what we see when we are moving fast towards it.

Furthermore, that same light would be seen as green when moving towards it at 25% the speed of light!

And if we pass it and look behind us while moving at 20% the speed of light, it would be shifted into the infrared, so we wouldn't see it at all.

Similarly, lights that weren't visible to us, like infrared or ultraviolet, would become visible, and we would be seeing all sorts of different colors depending on whether we are moving towards their sources or away from them.[6]

Not only the color of the light would be seen distorted, but also its brightness. We would see lights bright towards the direction of our motion, and dimmer away from our direction of motion. Which is known as the relativistic beaming. [7]

### It's NOT what it looks like:

Stock Image From Pixabay

From your frame of reference inside a spaceship moving at 60% the speed of light, you wouldn't feel any time difference, the clock would be ticking for you as normal.
However, time would slow down for you from a stationary observer's point of view by about 25%.

So an hour for you abroad the spaceship would actually be an hour and 15 minutes for that stationary observer!
And you'd notice that it took a shorter amount of time to arrive at a destination than you had expected.

Lengths would contract for you, a distance of 1 meter, for example, would become 80 centimeters instead, but even though objects would be squished from your frame of reference in that spaceship, you won't be seeing them like that.

What you'd see instead is objects curving away from you and rotating towards you, a trippy optical illusion, because the light coming from the further side of the object would be taking longer time to reach your eye than the light coming from the closer side of that object.[8]

Furthermore, objects would appear farther away than they actually are in your front view, and objects to your side and behind you, would be shifted towards your frontal view, what you would see when looking from the front, would appear like a fisheye view.

### What really is true?

Is there really an objective reality? If it is what we would see with no movement, then what is 0 movement really? Because everything IS moving! On Earth, the galaxies, and everything in the whole universe is in motion relative to something else.

If we were on some different planet instead, moving really fast, light, and time for us would be very different than here on Earth, but we would think of THAT as an objective reality.

There is no absolute objective reality in this universe, the only truth is that EVERYTHING is relative!

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There is no absolute objective reality in this universe, the only truth is that EVERYTHING is relative!

I wish you had had this conversation with my mother when I was growing up:))

It's a great article. I was reading @lemouth's article on dark matter earlier this week and learned that photons have been around since the Recombination (new to me). Now I read about photons in your essay.

Slowly, the little pieces come together for me as I read articles by clever people in STEMsocial.

Thank you!

To make it more specific, photons were there even before the recombination epoch, but they were constantly scattering with other (charged) particle. After recombination, matter became electrically neutral so that photons could travel across large distances and fill the entire universe. This means that photons from that epoch are still there today.

Wow!

Lol, I'm glad I didn't have to! I could barely convince my mother that the sky is NOT a ceiling. 🤣

I didn't read the article you're referring to, I'm guilty of being behind on reading posts especially from great authors like Lemouth, and yourself. 😬
But I'm working on rectifying that!

hi @yaziris 😊 This was very well explained, thank you. A very interesting read and science lesson for the evening 🙌 Your presentation is very neat too. I was wondering if you wouldn't mind sharing with me what code I need to enter to create the number referencing that you use? I have seen similar on a few posts but have not been able to work it out yet. Any guidance would be much appreciated as I am always looking to improve in across the board 🙏 !PIZZA !ALIVE

Oh for sure, to create the link use:
`< a href="#XXX" target="_self">your link< /a>`

The # is fixed, you can change the XXX to whatever you want, but match it as below in the target code.

For the target you use:
`< a id="XXX">Your target< /a>`

The "id" should match the XXX you did above.

That's all to it, feel free to ask if something not clear about it.

hiya, so does the first bit create the raised [1] ? and the second bit create the reference at the end of the post? If I click on the [1] is it supposed to take me somewhere? I'm specifically looking to put the little powered up number into the text, if you understand what I mean...this piece [1]...

the first bit create the raised [1] ?
Yep, the link. To make it raised though you use
< sup > [1] < /sup >

The second bit creates where clicking on that [1] would take you.

The exact code for what you see in my post is this:

Then this :

Fab thank you so much, I shall try this out next post hehe !LUV !ALIVE !PIZZA ❣️

@samsmith1971(4/5) gave you LUV. H-E tools | connect | <><

@yaziris! You Are Alive so I just staked 0.1 \$ALIVE to your account on behalf of @samsmith1971. (10/10)

The tip has been paid for by the We Are Alive Tribe through the earnings on @alive.chat, feel free to swing by our daily chat any time you want.

@yaziris! You Are Alive so I just staked 0.1 \$ALIVE to your account on behalf of @samsmith1971. (4/10)

The tip has been paid for by the We Are Alive Tribe through the earnings on @alive.chat, feel free to swing by our daily chat any time you want.

7 months ago (edited)

Another very good post from you, that was nice and pleasant to read. Special relativity 101 on Hive ;)

Cheers!

PS: I haven't anything much to write this time, but I wanted to let you know I read and enjoyed this post ;)

It was an interesting read. !discovery 25

Glad you like it and found it interesting.

Thank you, much appreciated! 🙏

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This is some very beautiful rendering. I think this is the basis for using tactile stimulus to help deaf people hear. Would write on that soon.
Thank you @yaziris