Fruits under the microscope🧠👨‍🏫 / Frutas bajo el microscopio🍍🍎🍉

in StemSocial3 months ago
Hello science loving friends! Today I'm going back to this super community to leave you with a very interesting post, surely at some point in your life you have eaten one or several fruits, I also imagine that your brain must have stored its appearance, aroma, texture... But there is something that it is impossible to know and that you probably never in your life got to see what the different tissues of fruits look like under a microscope!! I felt that curiosity because at first glance they all have different colors and appearances... The question is... Will their fabrics look similar?? LET'S SEE!!!🍇👨‍🏫👨‍💻

Hola amigos amantes de la ciencia! hoy me paso nuevamente por esta super comunidad para dejarles un post muy interesante, seguramente en algun momento de tu vida llegaste a comer una o varias frutas, tambien me imagino que tu cerebro debio almacenar su aspecto, aroma, textura... Pero hay algo que es imposible conocer y que probablemente nunca en tu vida llegaste a ver como son los diferentes tejidos de las frutas bajo un microscopio!! senti esa curiosidad porque a simple vista todos tienen colores y aspectos diferentes... La pregunta es... Seran sus tejidos de aspecto similar?? VEAMOS!!!

Interesting things about pineapple🍍 / Cosas interesante de la piña🙇‍♂️

This is one of the most interesting exotic fruits, due to its oval shape! It is the species (Ananas comosus) or known by the common name: "American or tropical pineapple", it can measure about 30cm long and has a fairly thick and irregular outer layer, the small "thorns" that we see in the outer layer of the fruit is called "Bracteas", and that its function is protection and will practically be "the skin of the fruit", among its characteristics that draws attention is that its outer layer changes color according to maturation!(1)🤔🕵️‍♂️👨‍🏫🍍
Esta es una de las frutas exoticas mas interesantes, por su forma ovalada! se trata de la especie (Ananas comosus) o conocida con el nombre comun: "Piña americana o tropical", puede llegar a medir unos 30cm de largo y presenta una capa externa bastante gruesa e irregular, las pequeñas "espinas" que vemos en la capa exterior de la fruta se llama "Bracteas", y que su funcion es de proteccion y practicamente sera "la piel de la fruta", entre sus caracteristicas que llama la atencion es que su capa externa cambia de color conforme a la maduracion!(1)🔬🧫📚🙇‍♂️

As we can see, make a longitudinal cut of the pulp of the pineapple, and we see that a set of wide and large cells stands out, which are called "parenchymas" there is an aquiferous parenchyma that abounds in xerophytic plants and then the reserve parenchyma that is full of water and nutrients and abundant in the pulp of fruits! Note that pineapples are wide and very compact. When they look like this, the fruit generally has a lot of "liquid"(1,2)🙇‍♂️🧠📚🍍
Como podemos ver realice un corte longitudinal de la pulpa de la piña, y vemos que se destaca un conjunto de celulas anchas y grandes que son las llamadas "parenquimas" existe parenquima acuifero que abunda en las plantas xerofiticas y luego el parenquima de reserva que esta lleno de agua y nutrientes y abunda en la pulpa de las frutas! en la piña note que son anchas y muy compactas cuando tienen este aspecto generalmente la fruta tiene mucho "liquido"👨‍🏫🕵️‍♂️(1,2)

Have you noticed that when you eat pineapple you have a sensation that "itches your tongue"?? In reality, what happens is that the fruit has a component called (bromelain) that is actually an enzyme and that breaks down proteins on your tongue and that's why that sensation! when we remove the bracts we expose the "eyes of the pineapple" that in reality individual flowers of the fruit would come out of there!. Finally, the pineapple is the only fruit of the bromeliads that can be consumed!(1,2,3)🍍📚🧠
Has notado que cuando comes piña tienes una sensacion que te "pica la lengua"?? en realidad lo que sucede es que la fruta tiene un componente llamado (bromelina) que en realidad es una enzima y que en tu lengua descompone las proteinas y por eso esa sensacion! cuando retiramos las bracteas exponemos los "ojos de la piña" que en realidad por alli saldrian flores individual de la fruta!. Por ultimo la piña es el unico fruto de las bromeliáceas que puede ser cosumido!🌼🌻🌺(1,2,3)

How strange is Cucumis melo?🍊 / Que extraño es el Cucumis melo??🙇‍♂️

I think it is the first time that I show you a fruit whose classification is "peponide berry" that is, it is not 100% edible since it has very differentiated seeds and an external rind, it is one of the oldest known fruits and it was already consumed more than 4,000 years old, typical of hot areas with "very hot summers" of this fruit photograph the pulp and the seed let's see what we find interesting!(4)🧠📚🕵️‍♂️
Creo que es primera vez que les muestro un fruto cuya clasificacion es "Baya peponide" osea no es 100% comestible ya que tiene semillas muy diferenciadas y una corteza externa, es una de las frutas mas antiguas que se conocen y ya era consumida hace mas de 4mil años, tipica de zonas calientes con "veranos llenos de mucho calor" de esta fruta fotografie la pulpa y la semilla veamos que encontramos de interesante!🔬🧫👨‍💻(4)

The pulp of Cucumis melo has slightly different characteristics than Ananas comosus, as you can see, it has much more reserve water in its parenchyma, making it more transparent and swollen, while in pineapple there is 89% water, in melon 92%. As you can see, the Melon is composed of a higher percentage of water and it is interesting to be able to verify this information in the parenchyma cells.(4)🙇‍♂️👨‍🏫🧠
La pulpa del Cucumis melo tiene caracteristicas un poco diferentes a la Ananas comosus como puedes ver tiene mucho mas agua de reserva en sus parenquimas, haciendola mas transparente e hinchadas, mientras que en la Piña hay un 89% de agua, en el melon 92% como puedes ver el Melon esta compuesto con mas porcentaje de agua y es interesante poder comprobar ese dato en las celulas de parenquima(4)📚💧💧💧

Most seeds have a tissue that is important to be able to "survive" certain environmental conditions! as for example we see it in the liquid inside a coconut, or we can see that tissue covering the seed! It is the endosperm, a layer that provides important nutrients to the seeds, and as you can see it is dense and very different from the parenchyma tissue. Here we do not see "differentiated" cells, and it is because the endosperm is composed of (carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins ). And that also explains why the coconut endosperm is so nutritious and used when someone is dehydrated!(4,5)😮😮
Las semillas en su mayoria tienen un tejido que es importante para poder "sobrevivir" a ciertas condiciones ambientales! como por ejemplo lo vemos en el liquido dentro de un coco, o podemos ver ese tejido recubriendo la semilla! se trata de el endospermo una capa que proporciona nutrientes importantes a las semillas, y como puedes ver es denso y muy diferente al tejido del parenquima aqui no vemos celulas "diferenciadas", y es porque el endospermo esta compuesto por (carbohidratos, proteinas, vitaminas). Y eso tambien explica porque el endospermo del coco es tan nutritivo y usado cuando alguien esta deshidratado!(4,5)🦾🦿🕵️‍♂️🔬

Carica papaya fruit?🌺🧠 / La fruta Carica papaya??🙇‍♂️

For me the most beautiful and special fruit of all is (Carica papaya), it can reach almost 3 meters in height and belongs to the "Caricaceae", it is believed that its origin is from "Mesoamerica" then it came to " naturalize in some countries of South America", it is a very curious fruit because of its seed that you have probably never seen in such detail! you can see the parts of the fruit being the epicarp the outermost area or "fruit skin" and the innermost part the endocarp where the seed is produced in many fruits(5)🤔👨‍🏫📚🌺
Para mi la fruta mas linda y especial de todas se trata de (Carica papaya), puede llegar a medir casi 3 metros de altura y pertenece a las "Caricaceae", se cree que su origen es de "mesoamerica" luego se llego a "naturalizar en algunos paises de sur america", es una fruta muy curiosa por su semilla que probablemente nunca habias visto con tanto detalle! puedes ver las partes de la fruta siendo el epicarpio la zona mas al exterior o "piel de la fruta" y mas al interior el endocarpio lugar donde en muchas frutas se producen la semilla(5)📚🙇‍♂️👨‍💻

Papaya pulp is not very translucent, therefore the water content must be a little lower than the fruits already studied, so this tells me that the parenchyma must be more compact and less swollen than normal!(5)💧🤔

La pulpa de la papaya no es muy translucida por tanto el contenido de agua debe un poco mas bajo que las frutas ya estudiadas, por tanto esto me dice que el parenquima debe ser mas compacto y menos inchado que lo normal!(5)😮🕵️‍♂️

Here we see two comparative cuts where we can see the epicarp and the mesocarp, we can see the epidermis, the parenchyma and the sclereids that are a support that helps the plant to protect the soft parts!(5)🤔🤔
Aqui vemos dos cortes comparativos donde podemos ver el epicarpio y el mesocarpio, podemos ver la epidermis, el parenquima y las esclereidas que son un soporte que ayuda a la planta a proteger las partes blandas!(5)🦾🦿

I think that so far we have seen the most interesting seed and one of the most used to study the internal and external structure of the seed! we see in a mature seed the internal layers including the already mentioned endosperm(5)🔬🧠👨‍🏫

Creo que hasta ahora hemos visto la semilla mas interesante y una de las mas usadas para estudiar la estructura interna y externa de la semilla! vemos en una semilla madura las capas internas incluyendo el ya mencionado endosperma(5)🌼😨

Citrullus lanatus?🍉🍉🧠 / Citrullus lanatus??🙇‍♂️

Wouldn't you like to know why watermelon is red? It is due to a compound called (lycopene) something similar to carotenoids that give some colors to vegetables such as carrots for example! Citrullus lanatus originated in Africa as it is favored in hot climates! and we must clarify that it has a large water reserve, being until now the fruit with the highest amount of water with 93%, surpassing Cucumis melo (92%).(6)💧😮🤔
No te gustaria saber porque la sandia es roja? se debe a un compuesto llamado (licopeno) algo parecido a los carotenoides que dan algunos colores a los vegetales como la zanahoria por ejemplo! la Citrullus lanatus se origino en africa ya que es favorecida con climas calidos! y debemos aclarar que tiene una gran reserva de agua siendo hasta ahora la fruta con mayor cantidad de agua con un 93%, superando al Cucumis melo (92%).(6)💖💖

I also found very interesting the seed of Citrullus lanatus because when you make a cross section you can clearly see some of its structures! Another interesting thing to observe is the very swollen and large cells filled with water and surrounded by red spots, which would be lycopene, whose compound gives the pulp its red color.(6,7,8)🧫🔬🍉
Me parecio tambien muy interesante la semilla de la Citrullus lanatus porque cuando se hace un corte transversal se pueden ver claramente algunas de sus estructuras! otra cosa interesante para observar es las celulas muy hinchadas y de gran tamaño llenas de agua y rodeada de manchas rojas que seria el licopeno cuyo compuesto da el color rojo a la pulpa🍉🍉🍉(6,7,8)

Here we have a very common fruit that is the apple and then another very mysterious one that left me with many questions, the apple, as you can see, the parenchyma is very well defined and we see the cells that are not very swollen, therefore they do not have as much water as the previous fruits with barely 85%, then the kiwi has a percentage of water of 83.07 even less water than the apple but in the parenchyma I got some green things that I did not get the answer... it could be some compound that gives the green color?? what caught my attention is that there are few studies on its tissues(6,7,8)👨‍🏫🧫🤔
Aqui tenemos una fruta muy comun que es la manzana y luego otra muy misteriosa y que me dejo con muchas interrogantes, la manzana como puedes ver el parenquima es muy definido y vemos las celulas que no son muy hinchadas, por tanto no tienen mucha agua como las frutas anteriores con apenas un 85%, luego el kiwi tiene un porcentaje de agua de 83,07 aun menos agua que la manzana pero en el parenquima consegui unas cosas verdes que no consegui la respuesta... podria ser algun compuesto que da el color verde?? lo que me llamo la atencion es que hay pocos estudios sobre sus tejidos(6,7,8)🙇‍♂️🙇‍♂️💧

How strange the grape as you can see has a pulp with a very wide parenchyma and full of water but the fruit as such only has 80% water content!🤔🤔

Que extraño la uva como puedes ver tiene una pulpa con un parenquima muy ancho y lleno de agua pero la fruta como tal solo tiene un 80% de contenido de agua!😨😨💧

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Referencias bibliograficas / Sources:

  1. https://www.frutas-hortalizas.com

  2. https://mmegias.webs.uvigo.es/2-organos-v/o-imagenes-grandes/fruto-m.php

  3. http://www.sobreestoyaquello.com/2020/05/el-fascinante-interior-de-una-pina.html

  4. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucumis_melo

  5. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carica_papaya

  6. http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0120-99652005000200004

  7. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citrullus_lanatus sandia

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Thanks for sharing I really appreciate every part of it @oscurity and keep up the good work moving.

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 3 months ago 

Deliciousness under the scope!

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hehe thank!


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What a fruitful post!

It was the first time I was able to see a so many fruits I commonly eat from so close! The differences you observed are very interesting (nature is so diverse!). This being written, I cannot really help you with your puzzle. That's way above what I know...

Thanks for sharing this with us, and I hope you had a nice summer!

That remembers a lot about my plant anatomy and physiology classes in the university! Nice figures, they could be figure from a book!
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