Pregnancy complications are more common in boys than in girls.
Pregnant women who are expecting a boy are more likely to experience major pregnancy complications, according to a new study.
Researchers in Australia looked at more than 500,000 births and identified a link between a baby's gender and the health of its parents.
"The sex of the newborn has a clear link to pregnancy issues," stated Dr. Petra Verburg of the Robinson Research Institute at the University of Adelaide in Australia.
Premature birth is more common in boys than in girls, putting them at greater risk for health issues as they grow older. According to the study authors, women who gave birth to sons were more likely to suffer from pregnancy-related diabetes (gestational diabetes) and pre-eclampsia, a dangerously high blood pressure condition.
However, Verburg argues that "there are likely to be inherited aspects" at play in this situation.
Dr. Querube Santana-Rivas, a neonatologist at the Nicklaus Children's Hospital in Miami, agreed with the findings. It was reported that she was aware of the differences.
After delivery, the "male gender is associated with several challenges" in the premature population, Santana-Rivas noted.
Verburg went on to say that the results are in line with previous research. Female and male placentas are different in their ability to deliver nutrients to the developing embryo.
"The placenta is vital for pregnancy success since it is an organ that technically belongs to the newborn, hence it is genetically identical," says research co-author Claire Roberts of the Robinson Research Institute.
During normal pregnancies, Roberts' team found sex variations in 142 genes in the placenta. The placenta's formation and functioning have been linked to pregnancy complications, according to studies.
More than 574,000 births in Australia were studied by Verburg, Roberts, and co-authors between 1981 and 2011.
According to the study, premature birth rates for men ranged from 27% to 24% between 20 and 24 weeks gestation; 24% to 24% between 30 and 33 weeks; and 17% to 17% between 34 and 36 weeks. A full-term pregnancy is defined by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists as 39 to 41 weeks gestation.
According to the study, women who gave birth to boys were four percent more likely to acquire gestational diabetes and seven percent more likely to suffer pre-eclampsia at term.
Study findings show a 22 percent higher risk of pre-eclampsia in women who are pregnant with girls, which requires an earlier delivery.
Even if a correlation between the two is found, it does not necessarily imply causality. According to Roberts, the findings should not alarm mothers-to-be, regardless of the sex of the unborn child.
As of now, Roberts urges pregnant women to follow the same rules. Before starting a family, it is essential to eat a well-balanced diet and maintain a healthy weight.
There is a "window of opportunity" for a woman to minimize her risk of pregnancy complications, says Verburg, even if the pregnancy was unplanned. This woman stated that women can quit smoking, abstain from consuming alcohol, and keep a healthy weight.
They were on the same page. In light of the new study, women should be informed of potential dangers "and to receive good prenatal care," she said.
Shortly, researchers believe that pregnant women's prenatal care could be personalized to the gender of their unborn child!!!
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