from PxHereModern-day alchemy seems to have been achieved by transforming sugar into hydrocarbons, such as the ones found in gasoline.
Researchers on the other hand have accomplished this very thing!
Glucose (a kind of sugar) may be converted to olefins using the wonders of biology and chemistry, according to new research to be published in the journal Nature Chemistry (a type of hydrocarbon, and one of several types of molecules that make up gasoline).
Scientists at the University of Buffalo and the University of California, Berkeley led the study under the direction of Professor Zhen Q. Wang.
However, even though olefins make up just a small percentage of the molecules in gasoline as it is now generated, Wang believes that method improvements he and his colleagues created might allow them to synthesize more hydrocarbons, potentially even some of the other components. OLEFINS may also be used in industrial lubricants and as precursors in the production of polymers, she explains in her presentation.
Ethanol is made via a two-step process including sugar-eating microbes and a catalyst.
Researchers fed glucose to E. coli strains that did not pose a risk to human health as a first step in the study.
It is a "sugar addict" like our children, according to Wang, and it is "far worse than our children."
It was found that E. coli that had been genetically modified to produce a suite of four enzymes that convert glucose into compounds known as 3-hydroxy fatty acids could be used for experiments. Fatty acids were produced as a consequence of the bacteria's metabolism of glucose.
A catalyst known as Nb2O5 was used to chop off the unwanted parts of the fatty acids in a chemical process, which resulted in the final product: the olefins, which were then employed to complete the transformation.
In order to uncover the enzymes and catalysts, scientists experimented with a wide range of chemicals that had the right properties for the task at hand.
By combining the finest of biology with the best of chemistry, we were able to achieve "Wang, Ph.D., a UB College of Arts and Sciences assistant professor of biological sciences, agrees. In order to design this two-stage procedure, we blended the best of biology and chemistry. According to the researcher, it was able to make olefins from glucose using this method.
Glucose production removes CO2 from the atmosphere as a byproduct of photosynthesis.
It is Wang's contention that "the manufacture of biofuels from renewable resources such as glucose has significant promise for developing green energy technology."
Glucose is made by plants through the photosynthesis process, which involves converting CO2 and water into oxygen and sugar. Carbon in glucose and olefins comes from carbon dioxide that has been sucked from the atmosphere, according to Wang's theory."
On the other hand, further research is needed to fully understand new technology's advantages and evaluate if it can be scaled up efficiently for the production of biofuels or other purposes. One of the first concerns to be answered will be whether or not the energy cost of making olefins is too high to be practicable on an industrial scale. Another concern is how much energy is used in the production of olefins.
Increasing output is also in the best interest of scientists. About 8 olefin molecules are needed to produce 100 glucose, Wang calculates. To improve this ratio, the researcher is hoping to encourage E. coli to produce more 3-hydroxy fatty acid per gram of glucose consumed.
You can get further information and resources by clicking on the links given below.
•Feeding sugar to bacteria may lead to less harmful fuel for cars, trucks
•How sugar-loving microbes could help power future cars
•Sugar-loving microbes could help power future cars, study shows