Tuberculosis has killed millions of people around the world today, and most of the people never knew what caused thier untimely death.
Many people go about on thier daily chores with this disease known as tuberculosis without knowing they have such disease, let throw more light on this life threatening disease called tuberculosis.
*What is tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis is a very bad infectious bacterial disease that affects the lungs 🫁, if not treated this disease can spread to the brain and the spine and it is caused by a bacteria known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis .
Tuberculosis has a latent and an active type, on the latent type the disease might be in the system but the immune of the body will prevent it from spreading or causing harm to the body, there will be no sign and symptoms and latent TB is not contagious tho one day it will become active.
But in the active TB the person becomes very sick and can spread the disease to anyone around him or her.
One bad thing about tuberculosis is that it can be stubborn at times and will reject any form of treatment you apply.
Just like flu and cold tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and its spreads through air.
The most common symptoms of tuberculosis is coughing and most times the cough last for a long period of time leading to chest pain and vomiting of blood most time.
Note tuberculosis can be easily contacted by just relating with a coworker or a family member who has tuberculosis, one can also get it by visiting a patient in the hospital who has tuberculosis.
One can also contact tuberculosis by traveling to places where tuberculosis is common.
Smokers and those in prison are also at risk of getting tuberculosis.
Personally I still make use of nose masks especially when am in a public bus and i try as much as possible not to have a close mouth to mouth conversation with anyone else to avoid stories that touch because if anyone who have tuberculosis coughs or sings, the droplets that comes out of the month turns to disease that will affect the next person close by.
It is very important to apply preventive measures especially those who already have health issues like HIV, kidney problem, cancer and any other sickness that might affect ones immune system.
If diagnosed with tuberculosis
If diagnosed with tuberculosis after a skin and blood test are done, and a proper consult from a medical doctor, during the skin test a certain amount of tuberculin is injected below the skin for couple of hours like 48-72hrs the the doctor will check for further signs to confirm if the patient really has tuberculosis.
The medical doctor can also decide to send for an X-ray, sputum culture test which might take some weeks before treatment will commence.
If the result came out positive there is nothing to fear tho tuberculosis can kill but a quick treatment can save ones life most time anxiety kills before sickness.
Tuberculosis treatment last for six to nine months or even more depending on how body reacts to the treatment.
Just follow the doctors direction and be consistent in your treatment then you will be fine.
Do you know that
A total of 1.6 million people died from TB in 2021 (including 187 000 people with HIV). Worldwide, TB is the 13th leading cause of death and the second leading infectious killer after COVID-19 (above HIV/AIDS).
In 2021, an estimated 10.6 million people fell ill with tuberculosis(TB) worldwide. Six million men, 3.4 million women and 1.2 million children.Read more