Many people like to grow at home in the spaces that are available for planting, for this, as we have already mentioned in other publications, it is necessary to establish orchards where they are properly managed as if they were on large surfaces, within these managements is fertilization, which although it can be done with synthetic products, the ideal is to grow fertilized items with organic products made at home or failing that in commercial stores. Among the crops that are usually planted at home are vegetables according to their adaptation to the climatic conditions of the geographical areas where they are located, for example, in the southern area of Lake Maracaibo Venezuela, specifically in the municipality Colón there are high temperatures and you can grow tomatoes, chili peppers, peppers among other crops useful for human food.
Public domain image taken from Pixabay
Within what has been described so far, we emphasize reducing the use of synthetic products because there have been many reports and research that indicate that they can be harmful to health and natural ecosystems, in this regard, in 1992 the world health Organization (WHO) indicated that agrochemicals cause a variety of adverse effects on humans, including allergic reactions, metabolic and neurological disorders that include injuries to the central nervous system. For this reason and among other indicators organic products have taken a lot of boom nowadays and among the types of crops where they are most used are vegetables, which is possibly motivated by healthy food production.
In this same vein, due to some practical work that we have done at agrotecnia, it can be recommended to use worm leachate for the fertilization of any type of crops including vegetables, since, in addition to providing nutrients and microorganisms, it can also provide some hormones that stimulate the growth of crops, these leachates can be rich in macro nutrients such as phosphorus and potassium, which could be corroborated with the nutritional analysis performed on the leachate obtained in agrotechnics and these are important macronutrients for crops. For this reason, leachate is an excellent nutritional alternative for vegetables, since, like most crops, it needs adequate nutrition, which can guarantee the genetic expression of different species or varieties.
To obtain this type of organic fertilizers as a first step you must acquire the Californian red worms that can be domesticated very well and are efficient in terms of reproduction and decomposition of organic matter, to know a little more about these aspects a link will be left where you can read some important aspects about these worms. For the feeding of these worms, a wide variety of organic materials from agricultural activity can be used with harvest residues, from livestock activity with the manure of ruminant animals and also with the waste generated in our homes. The technique of vermiculture consists of the degradation of organic waste through the joint action of microorganisms and worms, which allows to reduce the costs of the process, shorten the deadlines and obtain a final product of higher quality.
Dear readers, it can be evidenced that the use of leachate or solid fertilizer that comes from vermiculture considerably increases the growth and development of some horticultural crops since it constitutes a nutritional source for plants, in addition to being able to generate a significant improvement in the physical properties of the substrates. Similarly, this organic fertilizer has proven to have positive effects on crops because they act as stimulators or regulators of plant growth. According to Torres and collaborators (2015), this fertilizer can strengthen the biochemical and physiological activity of plants, through its hormonal components (auxins, cytokinins and gibberellins), mineral nutrients, as well as the humic acids that make up the product.
All of the aforementioned makes organic fertilizer from vermiculture an ideal product to be used in gardens made in our homes, since it guarantees nutritional efficiency without causing any environmental and public health problems in urban areas.
World Health Organization (WHO). (1992). Health consequences of the use of pesticides in agriculture. Retrieved from WHO. Website: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/39175 .
Torres, A., Cué, J., Hernández, G. and S. Peñarrieta. (2015). Effects of BIOSTAN on the height and dry mass of Phaseolus vulgaris., Creole genotype. Revista La Técnica, 15,18-25.
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