Wood is a renewable resource.
The load calculations and stress analysis is readily available
Straight walls are easy to construct.
Voids between studs make insulation simple. A transition to structural insulated panels makes it even more effective.
Straight walls simplify doors, windows, furniture placement, decoration, and so many more practical living concerns.
Stick-built homes are relatively easy to remodel should needs change.
Obvious downsides are flammability and some aesthetic limitations.
Concrete production is energy-intensive and creates a lot of pollution. On its own, it is very dense, heavy, and not a good insulator, although there are blends that can remediate these concerns to a degree. It is not especially recyclable, and not at all renewable. When used with insulated concrete forms and rebar, it can be a very strong and useful material, but not when used as depicted in your rendering.
Concrete is an amazing material, and creative engineering can expand its usefulness. 3D printing using fused deposition is amazing technology, but it also has limitations based on its inherent nature and the material being extruded. It's a catchy buzzword, though, like "cyber tech" was 25 years ago.