One of my favorite architects, the great Le Corbusier / In spanish too

in Architecture+Design7 months ago

Hello everyone in this community, I hope you are doing well!

Today I want to bring you a post that for those who do not know this architect, I recommend that you read about him, a bit of the life of the great architect Le Corbusier. In the course of this publication you will see different works at different times of his life in multiple countries of the world, from small houses to large buildings, this architect also designed an entire city in India, the city called Chandigarh, with a variety of interesting works for study of this genius .

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Le Corbusier originally his name is Charles-Édouard Jeanneret; 1887 - 1965, French architect of Swiss origin who, together with Walter Gropius, was the main protagonist of the international architectural renaissance of the 20th century. He was a genius, the so-called ‘father of modern architecture’ did not pursue academic studies in this discipline of architecture. While studying printmaking at the La Chaux de Fonds School of Arts, he met Charles L'Eplattenier, a multifaceted painter and pioneer of Art Nouveau in Switzerland who was his teacher and brought him closer to architecture. Along with Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius, Le Corbusier was instrumental in creating the International Style in the Modern movement of architecture. It was a movement defined by rectilinear shapes, open interiors and structures using the new building materials produced massively after the industrial revolution of the 20th century.

Everything is based on influences and stimuli that we receive in our lives, and this great genius was no exception. Le Corbusier successfully delved into painting, sculpture, design, and letters; However, it was in architecture that it became a benchmark of the twentieth century, providing theoretical innovations that changed the way in which spaces and buildings were reasoned at that time and laying the foundations of modern architecture. Le Corbusier has 17 works in different countries of the world declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

Villa Savoye

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  • One of his ideas in his architecture was functionalism, which tries to simplify the structures of the architectural styles existing at that time like Art Nouveau, to respond only to the utilitarian function of each space using simple geometric shapes.

  • Another of his ideas was the Modulor Le Corbusier took up the old ideal of establishing a direct relationship between the proportions of buildings and those of man. The Modulor is a measurement system, based on human stature in relation to mathematical numbers. It was represented with a man raising his arm, thus indicating the important points of the body measurements determined by the golden ratio. Le Corbusier was not the first to have the need to establish a system of human proportions for design. In Chapter I of book III of Vitruvius, the ancient system of measurements is explained, whose base is the height of the human body divided into 4,5,6,8 and 10 equal parts, which gave rise to the Vitruvian Man by Leonardo Da Vinci.

  • He promoted the 5 pillars of his architecture, which you can see in the first house that I placed in this post, it is the Villa Savoye. The 5 commandments are:
    1- Buildings raised on pilotis: the surface at ground level must be occupied by the movement of the car, the protagonist of the public space.

2- Open plan: the structure must be placed on the perimeter of the project so that it does not interfere with the interior design.

3- Free facade: the structure is removed from the front line to allow greater freedom.

4- Horizontal window: the opening extends along the entire length of the facade, guaranteeing an optimal level of illumination for the entire interior due to the measurements and projection used.

5- Garden terrace: the amount of natural space that a building occupies when it is built must be returned to nature with the creation of a garden on the roof of the building.

There is much more interesting content about this architect, but to introduce you a little to the subject, this information seemed ideal to me. Tell me in your country did you know this architect? What do you think about his legacy and his influence on the history of architecture?

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In spanish

Hola a todos en esta comunidad, espero que estén bien!

Hoy quiero traerles un post que para quien no conozca a este arquitecto recomiendo que lea sobre el, un poco de la vida del gran arquitecto Le Corbusier. En transcurso de esta publicación verán distintas obras en distintas épocas de su vida en múltiples países del mundo, desde pequeñas casas hasta grandes edificios, también este arquitecto diseño toda una ciudad en la India, la ciudad llamada Chandigarh, con una variedad de obras interesantes para estudiar de este genio.

Le Corbusier originalmente su nombre es Charles-Édouard Jeanneret; 1887 - 1965, Arquitecto francés de origen suizo que fue junto a Walter Gropius el principal protagonista del renacimiento arquitectónico internacional del siglo XX. Fue un genio, el llamado ‘padre de la arquitectura moderna’ no cursó estudios académicos en esta disciplina de arquitectura. Mientras estudiaba grabado en la Escuela de Artes de La Chaux de Fonds, conoció a Charles L'Eplattenier, un pintor multifacético y pionero del Art Nouveau en Suiza que fue su profesor y le acercó a la arquitectura. Junto con Mies van der Rohe y Walter Gropius, Le Corbusier fue decisivo en la creación del Estilo Internacional en el movimiento Moderno de la arquitectura. Se trataba de un movimiento definido por formas rectilíneas, interiores abiertos y estructuras usando los nuevos materiales de construcción producidos masivamente luego de la revolución industrial del siglo XX.

Todo se basa en influencias y estimulos que recibimos en nuestra vida, y este gran genio no fue la excepción. Le Corbusier profundizó con éxito en la pintura, escultura, el diseño y las letras ; sin embargo, fue en la arquitectura donde se convirtió en un referente del siglo XX, aportando innovaciones teórica s que cambiaron la forma en que se razonaban los espacios y edificaciones de entonces y sentando las bases de la arquitectura moderna. Le Corbusier tiene 17 obras en distintos países del mundo declaradas por la Unesco como como Patrimonio de la Humanidad.

*Una de sus ideas en su arquitectura era el funcionalismo, que trata de simplificar las estructuras de los estilos arquitectónicos existentes en ese entonces cómo el Art Nouveau, para responder únicamente a la función utilitariade cada espacio usando formas geométricas simples.

*Otra de sus ideas fue el Modulor Le Corbusier retomó el antiguo ideal de establecer una relación directa entre las proporciones de los edificios y las del hombre. El Modulor es un sistema de medición, basado en la estatura humana en relación a números matemáticos. Se representó con un hombre levantando el brazo, indicando de esta forma los puntos importantes de las medidas corporales determinadas por la proporción áurea. Le Corbusier no fue el primero que tuvo la necesidad de establecer un sistema de proporciones humanas para el diseño. En el Capítulo I del libro III de Vitruvio, se explica el sistema antiguo de medidas, cuya base es la altura del cuerpo humano divida en 4,5,6,8 y 10 partes iguales, que dieron lugar al Hombre de Vitruvio de Leonardo Da Vinci.

*Promovió los 5 pilares de su arquitectura, los cuales lo pueden ver en la primera casa que coloqué en este post, es la Villa Savoye. Los 5 mandamientos son:
1- Edificios elevados sobre pilotis: la superficie al nivel del suelo debe ser ocupada por el movimiento del auto, el protagonista del espacio público.

2- Planta libre: la estructura debe colocarse sobre el perímetro del proyecto de manera que no interfiera con el diseño interior.

3- Fachada libre: la estructura se retira de la línea del frente para permitirle mayor libertad.

4- Ventana horizontal: la abertura se prolonga a todo lo largo de la fachada, garantizando un óptimo nivel de iluminación para todo el interior por las medidas y proyección usada.

5- Terraza jardín: la cantidad de espacio natural que un edificio ocupa al construirse debe ser devuelto a la naturaleza con la creación de un jardín en la cubierta del edificio.

Existe mucho más contenido interesante sobre este arquitecto, pero para introducirlos un poco en el tema me pareció ideal esta información. Cuentenme en su país conocían a este arquitecto¿ Que les parece su legado y su influencia en la historia de la arquitectura¿

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I think he was quite ahead of his time!

Undoubteely

Le Corbusier has been inspiration for so many people like me. His state of the art work is commendable, From the 5 points of Architecture to evolution of modern style he mesmerised people from different walks of life. That is some wonderful article written on him. @feiderman, commendable!

Thank you very much for your comment, it is very true what you say and these people add their grain of sand to change the world

He was indeed one of the pioneers in the field. His work is memorable an a huge learning experience. He planned a city in my country called Chandigarh and it is till date the nicest planned one.
That's some interesting blog on him, Keep them coming and keep flourishing.

Thank you very much for your opinion on my post. Greetings bro

Hi @feiderman, Le Corbusier will constantly remain as one of the greatest architects of all time. Your great post has been chosen to be part of Architecture Brew #23! Best regards.

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Oh! Thanks you!!