In livestock production systems, there are several activities that require special attention, and obviously in all of them the time factor is implicit. It is an extremely valuable resource that has driven man to generate technological resources that optimize production processes, in addition to providing the advantage of reducing labor costs. One of the activities in the cattle systems destined to obtain milk, is the practice of milking, in which a series of systematic processes are involved on which the success depends to reach adequate levels of production in the farms.
In search of technical and productive efficiency, the agricultural division of Bogota in 1985 pointed out that in 1819 in New England, the first mechanical equipment was developed to perform milking, however, its rusticity generated physical abuse to the mammary system of the cows, causing injuries that led to the proliferation of infections of the mammary gland, This situation led to the development of increasingly sophisticated machines, which imitated the natural suction process performed by the calf for the extraction of milk, and today mechanical milking went from simple (continuous) suction, mechanical compression (with rollers that squeeze the teat) to the current discontinuous suction.
From a practical point of view, and according to the experience obtained in the field, manual milking can have a duration per cow of up to 5 minutes, for cows with production averages of 6 to 10 lt/milking and experienced milkers, while mechanical equipment can milk a cow in less than a minute, which is a huge advantage when there are production units with herds larger than 50 cows. This technological tool is one of the most widely used breakthroughs in dairy farming, as it is a very practical way of performing a rather laborious task when done manually.
In addition, it is important to mention that portable and fixed equipments have been developed, being this a very useful tool for the producers, since they adjust to the needs of each production unit. In relation to the fixed equipments, different systems can be presented in relation to their availability in the milking rooms (rotary, parallel, tandem, herringbone and automatic) with the purpose of increasing the performance and efficiency of the system.
Another advantage that can be attributed to this technology, is the issue of handling the milk, which is conducted through pipes (previously sterilized) to storage tanks, which is kept at a temperature of approximately 3 to 4 ° C, this procedure allows you to maintain the quality and safety of milk.
Dear readers, this has been a new delivery about the technological tools developed for the agricultural area, in the search of optimizing the productive processes, in spite of the fact that from the economic point of view they can increase the production costs, it is compensated with the reduction of the necessary manpower for the execution of this practice.
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