A Brief Look at Authority: My Collage for LMAC #122

in Let's Make a Collage9 months ago (edited)

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A quick look at my collage this week reveals three men working hard, and one man looking on. He apparently is in a position of authority. It might be reasonable to ask if this man is also exerting leadership. Is there a difference between authority and leadership? This question occurred to me as I designed my collage.

Authority and Leadership

I consulted a number of websites to try to get a clear understanding of the relationship between leadership and authority. Business management websites that addressed the issue differed somewhat from psychology/sociology websites.

According to one business website, Management Study Guide, authority tends to be structural and leadership tends to be personal. The authors of the referenced article suggest that people in authority are obeyed because of the position they hold, without respect to their personal qualities. However, having authority over someone is not the same as influencing them. Leaders...may have formal authorities but they mostly rely on the informal authority that they exercise on people to influence them. This website brings up Ghandi as an example.

Ghandi, 1944
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Unknown author: Public domain

However, another website I consulted, BC Campus/Open Textbook, cites research that shows a different leadership/authority dynamic. This website describes a classic experiment (Milgram's Experiment on Obedience to Authority). In this experiment students were recruited. They were told that a research study was designed to determine the effect of punishment on learning. The study subjects were assigned the role of teacher (authority). They were led to believe they were administering electric shocks to a 'student' who was in another room. Every time the 'student' got a question wrong, the 'teacher' was to administer increasingly stronger shocks.

Some study participants refused to give the shocks and backed out of the study. But, 65% of the participants obeyed the instructions of the researcher and continued to administer shocks even after receiving this response from the 'student':

(intensely agonized scream) Let me out of here. Let me out of here. My heart’s bothering me. Let me out, I tell you. (hysterically) Let me out of here. Let me out of here. You have no right to hold me here. Let me out! Let me out! Let me out! Let me out of here! Let me out! Let me out!

Milgram's Experiment
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Created by Wapcaplet in Inkscape. SVG version. Used under CC 3.0 license. Legend: V is the person in charge, prompting the study participant to give shocks. L is the study participants giving shocks. S is the actor pretending to be shocked.

What did Milgram's experiment tell him? Milgram "felt that it was the social situation, and not the people themselves, that was responsible for the behavior". The study participants were told that the researcher was a respected scientist at a respected university: this, according to Milgram, gave the researcher greater authority in the eyes of the study participants.

In subsequent experiments, the status of the researcher and the facilities were less prestigious. Obedience to the instructions (shocking the 'learner') was weaker.

So, according to Milgram what does this tell us about authority and leadership? Apparently, obedience and influence have less to do with personal qualities than with the position and relative authority of the person in charge.

My Collage

We started round #122 of Let's Make a Collage with @shaka's interesting template photo:

MMOJFyn - Imgur.jpg

I liked two parts of this image right away, but decided to focus on the gate structure. I don't know where the idea for the wood pile came from, but I remembered @muelli had contributed one to our image library, LIL.

muelli's woodpile.png

The axe and wood in which it is embedded also came from @muelli.

muelli's axe.png

The water scene in the foreground came to mind because I had just done a blog on ponds, so I used my own image from LIL for that.

The idea of the duck people: that just came to me. I asked my husband to strike a few poses and these I used to make my duck people. I used two different ducks. One was a real duck I had contributed to LIL, and the other was a wooden duck (my personal picture).
wooden duck2.png

The piece of wood I had contributed to LIL some time ago. The same with the smaller logs. Finally, the beautiful white duck was contributed to LIL by @redheadpei.

duck redheadpei2.png

Sizing, coloring, painting, making frames: all accomplished with Paint, Paint 3D and GIMP.

Here is one still image from the process:
shaka 123 duck collage short21.png

LMAC and LIL
LMAC and LIL both exist because of @shaka's inspiration and leadership. However, he does have a great team. @quantumg is a genius coder and @mballesteros has an aesthetic sense and work ethic that help to keep the community running smoothly.

Of course the essence of the community is the artists, and contributors. Although I do not compete in the contest, I make collages because the experience is rewarding. Anybody on Hive can join the contest or contribute to our image library. Anyone can borrow from the library. Contest rules may be found here. LIL rules and procedures may be found here

Thank you for reading my blog. I hope everyone reading this blog has the most wonderful, productive day.

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Ingenious. Your collage reminds me of many situations in my working life. Especially the bad ones. 😂
A masterpiece and that my ax with the wood it split plays a role in it, makes me proud.
Kind regards! 😎

Hello my friend @muelli. So glad you like this.

Your collage reminds me of many situations in my working life.

Me too. I think the collage was inspired by experience 😅

I loved you axe...the only usable one in the library. Thanks for your contributions. Your pictures are great.

Hope you are not working too hard on that farm.

Love the theme with the duck people, A.G. Your husband was a good sport to pose for you.

Interesting about the difference between authority and leadership. Ducks tend to follow the leaders and would never take orders :))

The white duck is quite happy in the water. 😊

Your husband was a good sport to pose for you

Yes😇 He's really supportive of my hobby. And he knew I was going to turn him into duck person :)

You are right about the ducks. They follow the leader. I love watching them. Very peaceful. And I love your white duck. I knew that little critter was going to be in the collage when I started.

Thanks for stopping by my friend, @redheadpei, and thank you very much for your generosity. Have a wonderful week!

Hello excellent friend, the collage, related to leadership and one of the world figures has been Ghandi with his thought, the ducks are like a leader who makes the lake ducks perform some action due to leadership.

Hello friend, @cetb2008. I once wrote a brief biography about Gandhi (for kids). He is an inspiring figure. Thank you for stopping by and appreciating my collage.

Health and peace to you and your family.

Amen friend, same for you and your family

I so much like this collage, it looks like a typical village around a riverside where everyone is engage with an activity. It truly portray authority and leadership

Hello @dwixer my friend. Thank you for reading and for your positive appraisal! It is a realistic collage, I hope, with fantasy figures to make it more interesting. The character standing and doing nothing does kind of irritate me. He really should lend a hand :))

I hope you are having a great day and that the week ahead is good for you.

Rightly said, in a community like the one above, it should be a share of duties where everyone is working. I am good and how about you?

It is a peaceful day, but busy😇

Wishing you more strength. You've really been trying with engagements

I really like this collage, i also live in a village and i like the village things here. Good day to you.

Hello @rikoy. Thank you very much for visiting and for liking my collage. I'm glad you can relate to it. I grew up in the country (near a mountain). Country scenes are familiar to me.

Have a great week.

Firstly the template provided by @shaka is amazing, what a lovely house I mean. And with it, you created a stunning piece!

To me authority is having power and leadership is executing that power :)

Wish you all the best for the contest @agmoore 😃

Hello @coinfactor,
Thank you for visiting and for that positive assessment of my collage. I have known people who were in authority but did not seem to demonstrate leadership.

Thank you for your good wishes, but I don't compete in the contest. I am on the jury and that would be a conflict of interest.

Have a great week!

Great! @agmoore

Have a blessed day 😊

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