WATER WEEK: (ANTARCTIC OCEAN)๐ŸŒŠ / SEMANA DEL AGUA: (OCEANO ANTARTICO)๐Ÿง 

in STEMGeeks โ€ข 11 days ago
We continue to travel with the most fantastic oceans on the planet! Today we will explain the characteristics that distinguish the famous and cold Antarctic Ocean, while walking in the museum I arrived at this station where there was ice everywhere and some species of animals that adapted to this extreme ecosystem! make yourself comfortable and let's enjoy this walk through the Antarctic world!๐Ÿงญ๐ŸŒŽ

Continuamos a viajar con los oceanos mas fantasticos del planeta! hoy explicaremos las caracteristicas que distinguen al famoso y frio oceano antartico, mientras caminaba en el museo llegue a esta estacion donde habia hielo por todos lados y algunas especies de animales que se adaptaban a este ecosistema extremo! ponte comodo y disfrutemos de este paseo por el mundo antartico!๐Ÿฅถ๐Ÿง๐Ÿง

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WHAT IS THE ANTARCTIC OCEAN๐ŸŒ…๐Ÿง ๐Ÿง/QUE ES EL OCEANO ANTARTICO๐ŸŒŠ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป

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This fascinating ocean is also called the southern ocean, and it is that this ocean circulates completely throughout the Antarctic continent, to locate it we must go to the southern hemisphere exactly in the area of the south pole! many experts do not consider it an "ocean" but an "extension" of the (Atlantic, Pacific and Indian)! So much so that it is not known for sure if it really exists, in legal terms according to the 1956 treaty of Antarctica this ocean is considered an extension!๐Ÿ˜ฎ๐Ÿ˜จ
Este fascinante oceano tambien tiene como nombre oceano austral, y es que este oceano circula completamente por todo el continente antartico, para ubicarlo debemos dirigirnos al hemisferio sur exactamente en la zona del polo sur! muchos expertos no lo consideran un "oceano" si no una "extencion" del (atlantico, pacifico e indico)! tanto asi que no se sabe con seguridad si realmente existe, en terminos legales segun el tratado de 1956 de la antartida este oceano es considerado una extencion!๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿซ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐ŸŽ“

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While the debate continues to determine if the ocean exists or not ... For me until nothing is defined continues to exist, according to the scientists who support this splendid ocean express that its limit is 60 degrees to the south, despite only surrounding the Antarctic continent it has an extension of 20 million square kilometers, that is, it is quite large and within there are a large number of ecosystems adapted to these conditions!๐Ÿง ๐Ÿ˜ฎ
Mientras el debate continua para determinar si el oceano existe o no... Para mi hasta no estar nada definido continua a existir segun los cientificos que apoyan este esplendido oceano expresan que su limite es 60grados al sur, apesar de rodear unicamente al continente antartico tiene una extencion de 20millones de kilometros cuadrados, osea que es bastante grande y dentro hay una gran cantidades de ecosistemas adaptados a estas condiciones!๐ŸŒŽ๐Ÿงญ

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FEATURES๐ŸŒ…๐Ÿง ๐Ÿง/CARACTERISTICAS๐ŸŒŠ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป

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Its main characteristic is that it is very far from the equator, this means that it is definitely not hot, the sun's rays are very scarce, basically the ocean is isolated at extreme conditions, its temperature fluctuates between -2 and 10 degrees never again. than that! almost always presenting very low temperatures there is a lot of ice in this ocean to be exact about 2.6 square kilometers is ice.๐Ÿ˜ฎ๐ŸŒŽ
Su principal caracteristica es que se encuentra muy distante de la linea del ecuador esto significa que definitivamente no es caliente, los rayos solares son muy escasos, basicamente el oceano esta aislado a condiciones extremas, su temperatura osxila entre los -2 a 10 grados nunca mas que eso! al casi siempre presentar temperaturas muy bajas hay mucho hielo en este oceano para ser exactos unos 2,6kilometros cuadrados es hielo.๐ŸŒŠ

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When it is winter the ocean is completely transformed and the amount of ice that surrounds the ocean goes from 2 to 18 million square kilometers, a brutal change in the climate, it is a fairly deep ocean! its depth varies between 4-5 thousand meters! the edges of the ocean have a height of between 700 to 800 meters, the deepest point is the famous "Sandwich trench" with -7235 meters so the average depth is around -3200 meters๐Ÿ˜ฆ๐ŸŒ
Cuando es invierno el oceano se transforma totalmente y la cantidad de hielo que envuelve el oceano pasa de 2 a 18millones de kilometros cuadrados un cambio brutal en el clima, es un oceano bastante profundo! su profundidad varia entre los 4-5mil metros! los bordes del oceano tiene una altura de entre 700 a 800metros, el punto mas profundo es la famosa "fosa Sandwich" con -7235 metros por lo que la media de profundidad ronda los -3200 metros๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป๐Ÿ•ต๏ธโ€โ™€๏ธ

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ECOLOGY๐ŸŒ…๐Ÿง ๐Ÿง/ECOLOGIA๐ŸŒŠ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป

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We must think by common sense that being an ocean with very low temperatures there are few animals or plants that can adapt to these conditions and it is not like that! There is a great biodiversity in this deep blue, we can easily find ourselves from penguins to huge whales, starting in the trophic chain the phytoplankton and Krill are besieged, which feed the huge whales, there is a great diversity of species of algae, the famous penguins of Magellan make migrations to look for food and reproduce here!๐Ÿ˜จ๐Ÿง๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป
Debemos pensar por sentido comun que al ser un oceano con temperaturas muy baja son pocos los animales o plantas que pueden adaptarse a estas condiciones y no es asi! existe una gran biodiversidad en este azul profundo, podemos encontrarnos facilmente desde pinguinos hasta enormes ballenas, comenzando en la cadena trofica se sitia el fitoplacton y el Krill, que alimentan a las enormes ballenas, hay una gran diversidad de especies de algas, los famosos pinguinos de magallanes realizan migraciones para buscar alimento y reproducirse aqui!๐Ÿ’™๐Ÿ’™

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When we read about the Antarctic ocean there is a fact that is very interesting and it is that it presents the largest reserve in the world of fresh water, that is, we mean more than 80% is here, there is a very small portion of salt water this because the ice that melts in the antarctic ends up here in the ocean, we can get several species of fish in this ocean and the stealthy predator called the sea lion!๐Ÿ›‘โญ•๐Ÿ˜ฎ
Cuando leemos sobre el oceano antartico hay un dato que es muy interesante y es que el presenta la reserva mas grande del mundo de agua dulce osea nos referimos a mas del 80% esta aqui, hay una porcion muy pequena de agua salada esto porque el hielo que se derrite en el antartico termina aqui en el oceano, nos podemos conseguir varias especies de peces en este oceano y el depredador furtivo llamado leon marino! ๐Ÿฆฆ๐Ÿฆˆ๐Ÿฌ๐Ÿณ๐Ÿ‹๐ŸŸ

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ADAPTATION๐ŸŒ…๐Ÿง ๐Ÿง/ADAPTACION๐ŸŒŠ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป

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The animals that inhabit this ocean and its surroundings are species that are adapted to extreme conditions, their morphology and physiology allow them to hunt, swim, reproduce in a very cold environment, penguins develop a layer of hyper-impermeable feathers that prevents them from losing their heat, like Larosterna Inca this bird you see in the photo is a great hunter and fast! get to see under the deep layer of water where the sun does not reflect with the seabed!๐Ÿ™‚๐Ÿฆ…๐Ÿฆœ
Los animales que habitan en este oceano y sus alrededores son especies que estan adaptadas a condiciones extremas su morfologia y fisiologia les permite cazar, nadar, reproducirse en un ambiente con mucho frio, los pinguinos desarrollan una capa de plumas hipermeables que les evita la perdida de calor, al igual que Larosterna inca esta ave que ves en la foto es una gran cazadora y rapida! consigue ver bajo la capa profunda de agua donde el sol no se refleja con el fondo marino!๐Ÿฅถ๐Ÿ˜ฑ

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We can well classify the climate here as (polar climate), in these areas the most extreme cold in the history of the planet has been registered almost -100 degrees, here man would not survive even 10 minutes, and that is why the water is almost always frozen Geographically and in terms of landscape there is not much to see is ice and stones! we see many icebergs! This ocean is highly studied since the Antarctic is a territory divided by many countries!๐Ÿ›‘๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป
Bien podemos clasificar el clima aqui como (clima polar), en estas zonas se han registrado los frios mas extremos de la historia del planeta casi -100grados, aqui el hombre no sobreviviria ni 10minutos, y es por eso que el agua casi siempre esta congelada, geograficamente y en cuanto paisaje no hay mucho para ver es hielo y piedras! vemos muchos icebergs! este oceano es muy estudiado ya que la antartica es un territorio divido por muchos paises!๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿซ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐ŸŽ“๐Ÿง 

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This is the beautiful Spheniscus magellanicus is the famous Magellan penguin, it has its name since the famous Magellan navigator in one of his expeditions in the 15th century recorded some birds that did not fly and that had a strange walk is the first time that they are mentioned penguins in historical records!๐Ÿ˜จ๐Ÿ˜จ
este es el hermoso Spheniscus magellanicus es el famoso pinguino de magallanes, el tiene su nombre ya que el famoso navegador magallanes en una de sus expediciones en el siglo 15 registro unas aves que no volaban y que tenian un caminar extrano es primera vez que se mencionan los pinguinos en registros historicos!๐Ÿšฉ๐ŸŒโ›ต

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CLIMATE CHANGE๐ŸŒ…๐Ÿง ๐Ÿง/CAMBIO CLIMATICO๐ŸŒŠ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป

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Undoubtedly the greenhouse effect and climate change is increasingly causing imbalances in the Antarctic ocean, the accelerated melting of the poles and rising temperatures are affecting all the animals and plants that inhabit this frozen ocean, places where animals were found to reproduce may be covered with water in the very near future and this leads to the extinction of many species!๐Ÿ˜ฅ๐Ÿ˜“
Sin duda el efecto estufa y el cambio climatico esta cada vez causando desequilibrios en el oceano antartico, el acelerado derretimiento de los polos y el aumento de las temperaturas estan afectando a todos los animales y plantas que habitan en este gelido oceano, sitios donde los animales se encontraban para reproducirse pueden quedar tapados de agua en un futuro muy proximo y esto lleva a la extincion de muchas especies!๐Ÿฅต๐Ÿ˜ฆ

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CURIOSITY๐ŸŒ…๐Ÿง ๐Ÿง/CURIOSIDAD๐ŸŒŠ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป

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There is a curious fact about this ocean that you probably did not know, and that is that the Antarctic Ocean is the only one of all that irrigates the entire planet!๐ŸŒ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿซ

Hay un dato curioso de este oceano que probablemente no sabias, y es que el oceano antartico es el unico de todos que irriga todo el planeta!๐Ÿ’™๐Ÿ’™

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https://www.infoescola.com/geografia/oceano-antartico/

https://www.todamateria.com.br/oceano-glacial-antartico/

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