Inside a Military Fort💂🧠 / Dentro de un Fuerte Militar💥

in STEMGeeks2 months ago
I always wanted to visit a military fort to learn about its history and experience how a soldier lived inside these highly fortified walls. To fulfill my goal, I traveled 120km to the city of Elvas, which is practically 20km from the border with Spain! And this already gives us an idea of ​​why it was built here, throughout history the Spanish always wanted to invade the Portuguese territory and the fort fulfilled an important mission... Keep away the enemy troops!💣💣

Siempre quise visitar un fuerte militar para conocer su historia y experimentar como vivía un soldado dentro de estas paredes super fortificadas, para cumplir mi objetivo viaje 120km a la ciudad de Elvas que prácticamente se encuentra a 20km en la frontera con España! y ya esto nos da una idea del porque fue construido aquí, a lo largo de la historia los Españoles siempre quisieron invadir el territorio Portugues y el fuerte cumplía una importante mision... Alejar las tropas enemigas!🏰

What is a military fort?🏰/ Que es un fuerte militar⚔️

A military fort is a fortified structure that has military purposes and is built with the purpose of defending a certain territory! many times they are built between borders to detect enemy movements, or on cliffs to spot enemy ships! what really matters in a fort is its location! they are all built on strategic sites! the fort "Nossa senhora da Graca" is located at the highest point of the city which gives it a wide view of 360 degrees!⚒️⛏️
Un fuerte militar es una estructura fortificada que tiene fines belicos y que es construido con el proposito de defender un determinado territorio! muchas veces son construidos entre fronteras para detectar movimientos enemigos, o en acantilados para avistar embarcaciones enemigas! lo que en realidad tiene importancia en un fuerte es su ubicación! todos son construidos en sitios estrategicos! el fuerte "Nossa senhora da Graca" esta ubicado en el punto mas alto de la ciudad lo que le confiere una vista amplia de 360 grados!!🛑🚨

Star shape??⭐🧠/ Forma de estrella??🏰


Photo/Foto: Wikipedia

Almost all military forts built after the 17th century have a star-shaped design! and it was one of my doubts, which was answered by our military guide, the forts were built with this design so that the cannons never crossed each other! in this way cannons were placed at all ends giving a possibility of firing at all angles! It was incredible because let's remember that in the 17th century people did not have studies, they were "illiterate" but seeing the design of the forts tells us how intelligent these people were!💣💥
Casi todos los fuertes militares construidos a partir del siglo XVII tienen un diseño en forma de estrella! y era una de mis dudas, que fue respondida por nuestro guia militar, los fuertes eran construidos con este diseño para que los cañones nunca se cruzaran entre si! en esta forma eran colocados cañones en todas las puntas dando una posibilidad de disparo hacia todos los angulos! era increible porque recordemos que en el siglo 17 las personas no tenian estudios, eran "analfabetas" pero ver el diseño de los fuertes nos indica cuan inteligente eran estas personas!🏰⚔️

history of the fort😱 / Historia del fuerte👨‍🏫👨‍🎓

There are many people who see these boring topics but for me it is general culture and we learn too much about war topics, I learned a lot on this visit! this fort was built in "1763", it is a Portuguese relic and was declared a world heritage "by UNESCO in 2012", its function was to protect the city of Elvas from the "Spanish, French" enemies. It looks like a new construction but in reality before the fort was built centuries ago the Romans and the Visigoths lived in the Elvas region! Thousands of years ago the fort's walls had already been used in the Age of Discovery!🕵️‍♀️
Hay muchas personas que ven estos temas aburridos pero para mi es cultura general y aprendemos demasiado sobre temas belicos, aprendi muchisimo en esta visita! este fuerte fue construido en "1763", es una reliquia Portuguesa y fue declarado patrimonio mundial "por la UNESCO en el 2012", su funcion era proteger a la ciudad de Elvas de los enemigos "Españoles, Franceses". Parece una construccion nueva pero en realidad antes de construirse el fuerte ya siglos atras los romanos y los visigodos vivian en la region de Elvas! hace miles de años ya las murallas del fuerte habian sido utilizadas en la era de los descubrimientos!🙇‍♂️

Historical record👀/ Record historico💪

The military fort "Nossa senhora da Graca" has a record that not everyone can achieve, it is the only Portuguese military fort to NEVER BE INVADED!!, its structure and design is very well executed to the point that it has more than 6 reinforced doors and 3 floors until you reach the military chief who slept on the third floor! In other words, the enemy to conquer this fort had to destroy the 6 gates, go through more than 50 gunpowder cannons, then kill 300 soldiers, to go up to the top floor! it was an impossible feat! and although several assaults were made, neither Napoleon's French nor the Spanish managed to pass the first gate.💥💣
El fuerte militar "Nossa senhora da Graca" tiene un record que no todos pueden alcanzar, se trata de que es el unico fuerte militar portugues en NUNCA SER INVADIDO!!, su estructura y diseño esta muy bien ejecutado al punto que dispone de mas de 6 puertas reforzadas y 3 pisos hasta llegar al jefe militar que dormia en el tercer piso! osea el enemigo para conquistar este fuerte debia destruir las 6 puertas, atravesar por mas de 50 cañones a polvora, luego matar 300 soldados, para subir al ultimo piso! era una hazaña imposible! y aunque se hicieron varios asaltos ni los franceses de Napoleon ni los Españoles lograron pasar la primera puerta..💂

Curiosities of the military fort🏰/ Curiosidades del fuerte militar👨‍🏫

What surely to you are "holes in the ground" for the military fort had a very sinister purpose! these small excavations were made around the wall, and were filled with sharp wooden stakes that were covered with rotting animal meat! when the enemy tried to climb the first wall of the wall with stairs they fell and these stakes were driven in, later the soldier got sick with bacteria due to the rotten meat on the ends! and remember that at that time there were no antibiotics! practically the enemy ran into this first great difficulty! that is if they managed to get here since each cannon that fired had a range of 100-150 meters!🧠🛑
Lo que seguramente para ti son "agujeros en la tierra" para el fuerte militar tenian un proposito muy siniestro! estas pequeñas excavaciones fueron realizadas alrededor de la muralla, y eran rellenas con estacas de madera afiladas que eran cubiertas con carne de animales podrida! cuando el enemigo intentaba subir con escaleras la primera pared de la muralla caian y se clavaban estas estacas, posteriormente el soldado enfermaba con bacterias debido a la carne podrida en las puntas! y recordemos que en aquella epoca no existian antibioticos!!! practicamente el enemigo se topaba con esta primera gran dificultad! eso si lograban llegar aqui ya que cada cañon que disparaba tenia un alcance de 100-150 metros!⚔️⛏️

At that time there was no football or any kind of entertainment! then basically what these people knew how to do best was "fight" and their survival instinct was that "hope" that pushed them to do everything possible to escape unscathed from the fights! the fort built a tunnel of more than 5 km that helped the troops to escape if the fort was "conquered", at the same time these tunnels served as a means of communication between the "chief of the city" and the commander of the fort! In a war situation, no one individually thought that everything had to be "synchronized" so no one did anything until all the bosses were in touch!👀🙇‍♂️
En aquella epoca no existia ni el futbol ni ningun tipo de entretenimiento! entonces basicamente lo que mejor sabian hacer estas personas era "luchar" y su instinto de supervivencia era esa "esperanza" que los empujaba a hacer todo lo posible por escapar ilesos de las luchas! el fuerte construyo un tunel de mas de 5km que ayudaba a las tropas a escapar si el fuerte era "conquistado", al mismo tiempo estos tuneles servian como medio de comunicacion entre el "jefe de la ciudad" y el comandante del fuerte! en una situacion de guerra nadie pensaba de forma individual todo debia ser "sincronizado" asi que nadie hacia nada hasta estar todos los jefes comunicados!💥🤓

The tunnel had a division about 120 meters away that was baptized as "powder store" here in this space tons of gunpowder were stored to be used in weapons and cannons! It is easy for us to get here because we have lamps, but before they had to guide themselves with candles or torches! Can you imagine walking in a tunnel full of gunpowder with a torch? It is believed that many soldiers lost their lives in this warehouse due to accidents!👨‍🎓
El tunel tenia una division a unos 120 metros de distancia que fue bautizado como "almacen de polvora" aqui en este espacio toneladas de polvoras eran guardadas para ser utilizadas en las armas y los cañones! para nosotros es facil llegar aqui porque disponemos de lamparas, pero antes ellos debian guiarse con velas o antorchas! imaginas caminar en un tunel repleto de polvora con una antorcha? se cree que muchos soldados perdieron la vida en este almacen por accidentes!👨‍🏫

Here we see the architecture of the tunnel, firstly we are struck by the fact that there are some holes in the walls, and they served as air ducts to keep the powder store dry, when you enter the tunnel the "ceiling" is a few meters long but as you As you advance, it goes up to the "roof, reaching 3 meters in height! This had a purpose, it served to circulate the air inside the tunnels and avoid heat and suffocation due to lack of oxygen! How clever, right?
Aqui vemos la arquitectura del tunel, primeramente nos llama la atencion que hay unos agujeros en las paredes, y servian como conductos de aire para mantener seco el almacen de polvora, cuando entras en el tunel el "techo" tiene pocos metros pero a medida que avanzas va subiendo hasta el "techo llegar a los 3 metros de altura! esto tenia un proposito servia para circular el aire dentro de los tuneles y evitar el calor y asfixia por falta de oxigeno! que inteligentes no?

Historians had to investigate why there were walls in the corners with holes, they wondered what function these holes had? and when studying them better they observed that they were built between 2 cannons, that is, if the enemy managed to climb the wall, the first thing he saw was an "empty" wall but that on the other side it had a hole... Of course, there was also a cannon here! the unprotected spaces of the wall were practically covered! EVERYTHING WAS MILLIMETRICLY THOUGHT OUT!
Los historiadores tuvieron que investigar porque habian paredes en las esquinas con agujeros, se preguntaban que funcion tenian estos agujeros? y al estudiarlos mejor observaron que eran construidos entre 2 cañones, osea si el enemigo lograba subir la pared lo primero que veia era una pared "vacia" pero que al otro lado tenia un orificio... Claro aqui tambien habia un cañon! practicamente se cubrieron los espacios desprotegidos de la muralla! TODO ESTABA MILIMETRICAMENTE PENSADO!

I bet you thought they were cannonballs... But no!! You are in the presence of balls used thousands of years ago by the Romans! Do you know how??? on catapults... Hundreds of these balls were unearthed in the city of Elvas, and we can already imagine the Romans fighting against the Arabs to conquer the walled city!!!
Te apuesto que pensaste que eran balas de cañon... Pero no!! estas en precencia de bolas utilizadas hace miles de años por los romanos! sabes como??? en catapultas... Fueron desenterradas cientos de estas bolas en la ciudad de Elvas, y ya nos imaginamos a los romanos luchando contra los arabes para conquistar la ciudad amurallada!!!

The soldiers who were "300" slept in rooms on the first floor of the fort! separated from the high-ranking soldiers who slept on the top floor! The soldiers never walked exposed in the fort, they moved between passageways, to avoid being hit by cannonballs! a soldier was entitled to 2 liters of water per day! it was hard work!! and the Elvas region is known for its hot 40 degree summers!🏰🏰
Los soldados que eran "300" dormian en cuartos en la primera planta del fuerte! separados de los soldados de alto rango quienes dormian en el ultimo piso! nunca los soldados caminaban expuestos en el fuerte, se desplazaban entre pasadizos, para evitar ser impactados por balas de cañon! un soldado tenia derecho a 2 litros de agua por dia! era un trabajo duro!! y la region de Elvas es conocida por sus veranos calurosos de 40 grados!🧠💥

This fort communicated with another small fort that served as a lookout point! And if you look closely at the surroundings, it was filled with water, making it impossible for enemy soldiers to enter its walls! when this small fort observed some French troops, they communicated with the general of the larger fort and then communicated with the general of the city! and between the 3 make a decision! ALL THIS HAPPENED IN THE TUNNELS!
Este fuerte se comunicaba con otro pequeño fuerte que servia como punto de vigia! y si observas bien a los alrededores se llenaba de agua imposibilitando la entrada de soldados enemigos a sus murallas! cuando este pequeño fuerte observaba alguna tropa francesa se comunicaban con el general del fuerte mayor para luego comunicarse al general de la ciudad! y entre los 3 tomar una decision! TODO ESTO ocurria entre los tuneles!

The first photos are the barracks where the general of the fort slept, as you can see a cannon could not hit directly there because of the distance between the first wall and the height of the main room! therefore an enemy cannonball that wanted to destroy the general's room hit the second wall of the fort! the last photo is a passageway that connected the city with the fort!
Las primeras fotos son el cuartel donde dormia el general del fuerte, como puedes ver un cañon no podia impactar directamente alli por la distancia entre el primer muro y la altura del cuarto principal! por tanto una bala de cañon enemiga que queria destruir el cuarto del general impactaba en el segundo muro del fuerte! la ultima foto es un pasadizo que comunicaba la ciudad con el fuerte!

When I learned the story of that character I was shocked! These gentlemen are known as "cannon decoy" and they are those prisoners who committed some crime, the king set them free but to be free they had to spend a few days there... Unprotected only with a spear in hand!! in the medieval era it was common to attack a wall with catapults, or rain of arrows!! therefore these prisoners... They hardly got their freedom!
Cuando supe la historia de ese personaje quede impactado! a estos señores se les conoce como "señuelo de cañon" y son aquellos prisioneros que cometian algun delito, el rey los dejaba en libertad pero para ser libres debian cumplir algunos dias alli... Desprotegidos solo con una lanza en la mano!! en la era medieval era comun atacar una muralla con catapultas, o lluvia de flechas!! por tanto estos prisioneros... Dificilmente conseguian su libertad!

This is the system of pulleys that open and close the doors of the wall, as you can see they were made of wood, the originals are still in good condition! At this point of the tour we reach the third floor of the fortress and it is the area where the general rests and there are also the private bathrooms! and private because they were only used by high-ranking soldiers, the rest of the soldiers had to defecate in a hole in the wall, they had no right to sit!
Este es el sistema de poleas que abren y cierran las puertas de la muralla, como puedes ver fueron fabricadas con madera, aun se conservan las originales en buen estado! en este punto del recorrido llegamos al tercer piso de la fortaleza y es el area donde descansa el general y tambien se encuentran los baños privados! y privados porque solo eran usados por los soldados de alto rango el resto de soldados debian defecar en un agujero en la muralla no tenian ni derecho a sentarse!

Here we see original cannonballs, they weigh between 3 to 4 kg depending on the caliber of the cannon! Inside the fort an area of ​​religious worship was built, the soldiers only knew how to do two things, fight and pray!
Aqui vemos balas de caño originales, pesan entre 3 a 4 kg depende el calibre del cañon! dentro del fuerte fue construido un area de culto religioso, los soldados solo sabian hacer dos cosas, luchar y rezar!

Before, people were small, the average Portuguese was 1.40, 1.50cm, that's why we see all the very small doors.

Anteriormente las personas eran pequeñas, el portugues promedio media 1.40, 1,50cm por eso vemos todas las puertas muy pequeñas.

these two photos are very interesting firstly we see the uniform of the portuguese soldier from the 18th century, we also see a piece that is placed on the floor of the fort! what they did is place sand so that when it rained the water would be filtered through the sand and could be ingested! smart right?
estas dos fotos son muy interesantes primeramente vemos el uniforme del soldado portugues del siglo 18, tambien vemos una pieza que esta colocada en el piso del fuerte! lo que hacian es colocar arena para que cuando lloviese el agua fuera filtrada por la arena y pudiese ser ingerida! inteligente no?

Here we see the barrel more closely, it was made in the era of the French invasions, it is 9 millimeters, and the base was made of wood! many don't know but a cannon can not only shoot an iron ball, it can practically shoot anything!
Aqui vemos mas de cerca el cañon, fue fabricado en la era de las invasiones francesas, es de 9 milimetros, y la base fue realizada con madera! muchos no saben pero un cañon no solo puede disparar una bola de hierro, practicamente puede disparar cualquier cosa!

General's area🏰😱/ Area del general🕵️‍♀️

We arrived at the general's room, here the fort manager and his commanders practically slept, they never shared space with the common soldiers, the space was divided into 2 parts, both groups shared space on the floor, everyone slept on the floor! only kings and royals slept in beds! then we see photos of the kitchen area, a pantry to put water and finally some stairs to reach the highest point of the fortress!
Llegamos a la sala del general, aqui practicamente dormia el encargado del fuerte y sus comandantes, ellos nunca compartian espacio con los soldados rasos, el espacio se dividia en 2 partes, ambos grupos compartian espacio en el suelo, todos dormian en el suelo! solo los reyes y las personas de la realeza dormían en camas! luego vemos fotos del area de la cocina, una despensa para colocar agua y por ultimo unas escaleras para llegar al punto mas alto de la fortaleza!

It was common for a structure to have a water well, and the fortress was no exception, the well was filled with rainwater that was then filtered through the aforementioned sand to finally be used by the soldiers! Let's remember that there were 300 of them and everyone had the right to 2 liters of water per day!
Era comun que una estructura tuviese un pozo de agua, y la fortaleza no era exepcion, el pozo era lleno por el agua de lluvia que luego era filtrada por la arena antes mencionada para por fin ser usada por los soldados! recordemos que eran 300 y todos tenian derecho a 2 litros de agua por dia!

A walk through military history/ Un paseo por la historia militar

With this beautiful collection of military objects I say goodbye! here you see clothes, weapons, medals of the first world war and the second! you can also see some objects from older times!

Con esta linda coleccion de objetos militares me despido! aqui ves ropas, armas, medallas de la primera guerra mundial y la segunda! tambien puedes ver algunos objetos de epocas mas antiguas!

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GRACIAS POR LEERME / THANKS FOR READING ME (FOTOS DE MI PROPIEDAD / PHOTOS OF MY PROPERTY)🙂🧠🦾👍

Fuente bibliograficas / Sources:

https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuerte_de_Nuestra_Se%C3%B1ora_de_Gracia

95% of the information provided in this post is acquired by the fort guide! A lot of information is also my own since I am a fan of war themes!

El 95% de la informacion sumistrada en este post es adquirida por el guia del fuerte! mucha informacion tambien es de mi autoria ya que soy fan de temas belicos!

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Genial post!! Quedé impresionada con las fotos y con la explicación. Muy buena! Eso del general, de la ubicación estratégica de su habitación para que no lleguen balan enemigas, no tenía ni idea, y los pasadizos siempre me han llamado la atención!!

Además, gracias por aclarar el motivo del tamaño de las puertas! Interesante cómo hemos ido evolucionando los seres humanos!

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