Hi there. In this math guide I would like to go over the concept of cross multiplication.
- The Cross Multiply Algebra Technique
- Why Cross Multiplication Works
- Solving For x With Cross Multiplication Examples
The Cross Multiply Algebra Technique
Suppose you are given two fractions that are equal to each other in this format:
where the values
d are non-zero. (Cannot have division by zero.)
The cross multiplication technique converts the above equation into this:
d from the denominator of the right fraction goes with the
a from the left fraction. The
b from the denominator from the left fraction is multiplied with the
c from the right fraction. I have included a visual below (From MathisFun website) as it is easier to see this concept versus reading text.
Consider two equivalent fractions that are equal in value to each other.
With cross multiplication, you would have this:
Both sides would equal 36.
Why Cross Multiplication Works
This section looks at why cross multiplication works. It does help to understand why something works instead of just using a technique without understanding.
Start with the equality of two fractions:
The goal is to remove the
b and the
d on the bottom of the fractions. This is done by multiplying both sides by
b and multiplying both sides by
d. The steps are shown below.
Solving For x With Cross Multiplication
Cross multiplication is a fast and easy tool that can really help with solving for
x when there are fractions around. Here are some examples.
x in the following:
From cross multiplication, you have which is
2x = 18. The value for
x would be 9.
In this example, cross multiplication is not really needed. You can relate that 6 is three times 2 which makes the value of
x being 3 times 3 which is 9.
x in the following:
What is the value of
The cost of 5 apples is 3 dollars. What would be the cost of 12 apples?
When it comes to setting up the fractions make sure that the apples numbers are both on the top or both on the bottom. The dollar amounts are also both on the top or bottom.
My setup here has the number of apples as the numerators of the fractions and the dollar amounts as the denominators of the fractions. You can do have the dollar amounts on the top with the number of apples on the bottom as a different setup.
Assuming the same per unit price, the cost of 12 apples is $7.20.
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