Aspects to consider to achieve the consolidation of a livestock company.

in STEMGeeks5 months ago (edited)
Dear readers, livestock systems have particular characteristics because it is a company that must be managed taking into account administrative, agricultural and of course those related to natural ecosystems, these systems require as much dynamism as possible to be given to them in order to overcome the obstacles inherent in agricultural systems in order to achieve a definitive and sustained development of the production unit. These Units have infrastructures to support production in the different sub-systems that can be established, adapting them to environmental, soil and botanical conditions, thus providing a comprehensive use of the available surface.

To achieve the above, you must have a variety of important resources and talents to help consolidate them, among them, we have the hiring of professional staff in areas of strategic importance such as management, reproductive production and management and animal health that are necessary to promote the consolidation of the same. Also logically the crops are important for obtaining items such as meat and milk, in addition to machinery and equipment to perform machining tasks.

Next, we will share with you some aspects that from agrotechnics we consider should be taken into account when starting with a livestock company dedicated to the production of milk and meat on a large scale.

  • Administrative structure
- As mentioned above, qualified administrative staff should be recruited, in addition to this, consider the modality of shared responsibility with those in charge of the production area so that there is a proper accompaniment and coordination of activities leading to the production of the desired items.

- To regulate the development of the activities, through manuals of procedures and a general plan that guarantees its continuity and of course the planning in advance all the known activities.

- Establish a department that could be called monitoring and control, which diagnoses, evaluates, monitors and regulates productive and efficiency indicators through the use of statistics, provided a tool for monitoring and improving production processes.

Design by @amestyj with own images and public domain1

  • Investment in infrastructure
- Establish or adapt production support spaces such as cowgirls that can be designated for the bovine production system.

- Build or adapt a space to place cooling tanks in order to ensure a proper marketing of the milk product (milk) derived from the management of this system.

- Establish a general warehouse with an inventory system that allows the safekeeping of equipment, tools and supplies.

  • Herd of animals
- To determine the type of bovine herd to be managed in the production unit which may be either cattle or buffaloes and to establish the type of species which is adapted to the climatic conditions of the geographical area where it is established.

- Identify the animals considered elite for their preservation and promotion, through feeding and management plans according to their productive and reproductive condition.

- Establish programs of Artificial Insemination and natural assemblage that phenotypically and productively improve the herd.

  • forage area
- It is necessary to make delimitation of the paddocks, either with electric or conventional fences with barbed wire, the delimited space must contemplate the location of drinking fountains so that the animals have availability of water.

- Develop modules according to the different strata of the herds (production, motherhood, choice, raising and fattening).

- Establish demonstration plots of own pastures and introduced into the unit, for research purposes or as seed banks.

- Make a diagnosis of the available species in order to establish an appropriate management.

- Consider the application of a Voisin grazing system, as it is an environmentally friendly and low-cost technique.

Sectorize the space according to the projection and growth goals of the herds. (Cattle herd, buffalo, escotero, levante and ceba).

  • Machinery and equipment
- A planned maintenance plan for the machinery must be designed and implemented, and mechanisms must be put in place to ensure the prompt repair and acquisition of new equipment.

In addition to all the above, a plan should be established for the use and occupation of the paddocks, including days of rest and grazing, mechanization activities, fertilization, weed controls and other agronomic activities. It is also of utmost importance to establish continuous training plans for all company personnel.

final considerations
Dear readers, the focus of this article was based on some aspects that we consider important in livestock production units with large areas of land. As for the grasslands as specialists in the area we recommend the rational system as, Grazing and the divisions of pastures constitute in our way of seeing the fundamental pillar in the management of the bovine herds because it is granatice that the pastures have the days of occupation and adequate rest for their recovery.

When we talk about rational grazing we are based on what was established by André Voisin, father of the systems of intensive rational grazing, where the following premises prevail:

• Preservation of natural resources
• Adaptation of agriculture to the natural environment
• Reduction in the use of energy and inputs.
• Promotion of organic matter and the return of nutrients to the soil.

Thank you for joining us to the end.

From agrotecnia we reiterate our gratitude to our followers and all the communities that value our agricultural content, this commits us to continue sharing quality information with the whole hive.

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