How to identify Culicidae🧠 / Cómo identificar los Culicidae👩‍🏫🦟

in MED-HIVE2 months ago
Greetings friends addicted to science! Today we are going to dive into the world of mosquitoes and learn a little more about them! For this post I collected stagnant water with some small mosquito larvae and stored it for a few days to complete the cycle and see an adult! You probably didn't know that the correct way to identify them is with the "siphon" of the larva? join me in this little experiment!!🧠📚

Saludos amigos adictos a la ciencia! hoy vamos a sumerginos dentro del mundo de los mosquitos y aprender un poco mas sobre ellos! para este post recolecte agua estancada con algunas larvas pequeñas de mosquitos y la deje almacenada algunos dias para completar el ciclo y poder ver un adulto! probablemente no sabias que la forma correcta para identificarlos es con el "sifon" de la larva?? acompañame en este pequeño experimento!!🦟👩‍🏫🕵️‍♂️💧

Por que nadan en posicion vertical??🕵️‍♂️🦟/ Why do they swim upright?🙇‍♂️📚

Something curious about the larvae of the cuculidae, which are the family of insects that mosquitoes group, is that the way they swim is almost always vertical. If you had not noticed this behavior, I invite you to observe the larvae when they are in a state of "rest". , but there is a scientific explanation for this behavior! What happens is that mosquito larvae do not have "neither gills nor lungs" so where do they carry out gas exchange? To answer this we must first see the anatomy of the larvae...👩‍🏫📚🧠
Algo curioso de las larvas de los cuculidae que son la familia de insectos que agrupan los mosquitos es que la forma de nado es casi siempre en vertical, si no habias notado ese comportamiento te invito a observar las larvas cuando estan en estado de "reposo", pero existe una explicacion cientifica para este comportamiento! lo que sucede es que las larvas de mosquitos no tienen "ni branqueas, ni pulmones" entonces por donde realizan el intercambio gaseoso? para responder esto primero debemos ver la anatomia de las larvas...🦟🦟

What is the siphon?🕵️‍♂️🦟/ Que es el sifon??🙇‍♂️📚

The relationship between why the larva is positioned vertically with its head down has its explanation due to the siphon, the siphon is a structure found in the abdomen of the larva and through which the larva can carry out gas exchange I mean "breathe", this is a very interesting adaptation mechanism of these insects since they can not only survive clean stagnant water but also contaminated water with very little dissolved oxygen! When you depend on external oxygen, the physical-chemical conditions of the water do not matter! interesting, right??😲😲
La relacion entre el porque la larva se posiciona en sentido vertical con la cabeza hacia abajo tiene su explicacion debido al sifon, el sifon es una estructura que se encuentra en el abdomen de la larva y que mediante a el la larva puede realizar el intercambio gaseoso osea "respirar", este es un mecanismo de adaptacion muy interesante de estos insectos ya que no solo pueden sobrevivir a agua estancada limpia si no tambien agua contaminada con muy poco oxigeno disuelto! cuando dependes del oxigeno exterior no importa las condiciones fisico-quimicas del agua! interesante no??💨💨

A bit about your anatomy🕵️‍♂️🦟/ Un poco sobre su anatomia🙇‍♂️📚

Here we see a larva in its fourth phase, after this phase comes the pupa that gives rise to the adult! This growth period lasts for an average of 20 days, the larva phase lasts between 7-14 days depending on environmental factors and water conditions, the larva is normally deposited in shallow bodies of water since they they need to be close to the surface for "breathing", it moves with serpentine movements! and it is quite sensitive to changes in light intensity, if it sees any change in light, it runs away looking for depth!🦟🧠📚
Aqui vemos una larva en su cuarta fase, a seguir de esta fase viene la pupa que da origen al adulto! este periodo de crecimiento tiene una duracion de un promedio de 20 dias, la fase de larva tiene una duracion de entre 7-14 dias dependiendo los factores ambientales y las condiciones del agua, la larva normalmente se deposita en cuerpos de agua poco profundos ya que necesitan estar cerca de la superficie para la "respiracion", se mueve con movimientos serpentinos! y es bastante sensible a cambios en la intensidad luminica si observa algun cambio en la luz huye buscando la profundidad!👩‍🏫🕵️‍♂️👨‍🎓

We can see that the morphology of the larva is arranged in three parts: (head, thorax and abdomen), the abdomen is made up of a total of 8 segments that have bristles on the sides, in this case lateral bristles, the siphon bristles They are called: bristles of the siphon, also the thorax has bristles! that help you capture stimuli in the water let's say they are sensory structures since your vision is too poor! what makes mosquitoes fantastic is that when environmental conditions are "extreme" the larva and eggs can take months to grow!👩‍🏫📚🧠
Podemos ver que la morfologia de la larva se dispone en tres partes: (cabeza, torax y abdomen), el abdomen esta compuesto por un total de 8 segmentos que hacia los lados se disponen cerdas, en este caso cerdas laterales, las cerdas del sifon son llamadas: cerdas del sifon, tambien el torax presentan cerdas! que le ayudan a captar estimulos en el agua digamos que son estructuras sensoriales ya que su vision es demasiado pobre! lo que hace fantastico a los mosquitos es que cuando las condiciones ambientales son "extremas" la larva y huevos pueden demorar meses en crecer!🧠📚👩‍🏫👨‍🎓

How are they identified?🕵️‍♂️🦟/ Como se identifican??🙇‍♂️📚

Few know, but the correct and most effective way to identify a species of mosquito is by observing its abdomen, when we compare the siphon and the excretory structure where we find the anal sclerite, both structures vary depending on the genus despite not being able to exactly identify the species with the larva we can determine what is the genus of mosquito that forms into an adult!🧠📚📚
Pocos saben pero la forma correcta y mas eficaz de identificar una especie de mosquito es observando su abdomen, cuando comparamos el sifon y la estructura excretora donde encontramos el esclerito anal, ambas estructuras varian dependiendo el genero apesar de no poder identificar exactamente la especie con la larva podemos determinar cual es el genero de mosquito que se forma en adulto!😲😲

With a comparative illustrative image and a little practice we can identify the genera of mosquitoes! This species that I captured is Aedes rusticus. This European species is common between the months of May and August. I was surprised to get it in winter, this gives us an idea of how resistant they are! Like other mosquitoes, only the "females bite", they normally lay their eggs in ponds and when conditions are favorable, the eggs are born at the height of spring normally! they need to bite a mammal to obtain the necessary proteins that allow them to lay eggs!😲📚🧠
Con una imagen ilustrativa comparativa y un poco de practica podemos identificar los generos de los mosquitos! esta especie que capture es Aedes rusticus esta especie europea es comun entre los meses de mayo a agosto, me sorprendio conseguirla en altura de invierno esto nos da una idea de lo resistente que son! al igual que otro mosquito solo las "hembras pican", normalmente coloca sus huevos en estanques y cuando las condiciones son favorables nacen los huevos a la altura de primavera normalmente! necesitan picar un mamifero para obtener las proteinas necesarias que les permitan colocas huevos!😲👩‍🏫🦟🧫🔬🩸

adult🕵️‍♂️🦟/ adulto🙇‍♂️📚

This is not the best time of the year for the larvae to pass to their last phase, however I got an adult with a complete thorax and head! The first thing you notice is a great "anatomical evolution in their eyes" similar to the eyes of flies. Adult mosquitoes have developed eyes with better vision, according to studies they can detect objects 10 meters away! but like all insects, they lack good vision!😲🧠
esta no es la mejor altura del año para las larvas pasar a su ultima fase sin embargo consegui un adulto con su torax y cabeza completa! lo primero que notas es una gran "evolucion anatomica en sus ojos" parecido a los ojos de las moscas los mosquitos en su adultes tienen ojos desarrollados con una mejor vision, segun estudios pueden detectar objetos a 10 metros de distancias! pero como todo insecto carece de una buena vision! 🩸🔬

Diseases?🕵️‍♂️🦟/ Enfermedades¿?🙇‍♂️📚

The Aedes rusticus species is not known to transmit dangerous diseases to mammals, aside from infections from bites, the most dangerous mosquito of all is Aedes aegypti which does cause deadly diseases in humans including malaria and yellow fever! the other dangerous species is Culex. Therefore there are no records of any significant danger to humans from Aedes rusticus.🩸🕵️‍♂️
La especie Aedes rusticus no es conocido por transmitir enfermedades peligrosas a mamiferos, dejando aun lado infecciones por la picaduras, el mosquito mas peligroso de todos es Aedes aegypti que si causa enfermedades mortales en el ser humano incluyendo la malaria y fiebre amarilla! la otra especie peligrosa es Culex. Por tanto no hay registros de alguno peligro significativo para los humanos por parte de Aedes rusticus.🤢🤒😷

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When i see those things jumping in the water i know that there is trouble in there thanks for the amazing description
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Wow this is nice @oscurity and thanks for sharing.

Oh, man... seeing this gives me chill.
Btw, thanks for sharing this informational post.
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Wow..
Being on he other end of fighting these mosquitoes 😡 and the diseases that can cause in us humans and reading this makes me crack up in lady. Look at how feeble they appear to be and how they can make the high and lofty sick.

only the "females bite", they normally lay their eggs in ponds and when conditions are favorable, the eggs are born at the height of spring normally! they need to bite a mammal to obtain the necessary proteins that allow them to lay eggs!😲📚🧠

And to think that this was my discussion with my last patient today, she came with kids so I made it into an interesting story. How the father sings while the mother mosquito eats to lay eggs.

This is a beautiful post and thanks for sharing.

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