Female anatomy | Part I ✨

in MED-HIVE7 months ago

Greetings, friends of Hive

For March, the Med-Hive community has chosen as a theme Women's health, I invite you to join the participation, here is the link.

When we refer to the female anatomy, we mean the whole body. However, medically we say "female organs" to the external and internal gynecological organs. These structures are important because they are involved in fertility, reproduction, menstruation, and sexual activity.

Female Internal Genitals

The female reproductive system (internal genital organs) consists of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and vagina.

Female internal genitalia. Frontal view.
Credit: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Public domain.


These are the sex glands. They are oval and approximately 3 cm in size. They are located inside the pelvis, on either side of the uterus.

Their two main functions are to produce hormones (estrogen and progesterone) and to release eggs.

The ovaries contain within them follicles and within the follicles are the immature eggs. Each month, a follicle matures, ruptures, and releases an egg (female sex cell), this process is called ovulation. The mature egg will go to the uterus and implant for possible fertilization. If fertilization does not occur, the egg will be destroyed.

Image of ovum and spermatozoa
Credit: Videomediaart Public domain.

We are born with all the eggs we are going to have and we lose them throughout life.

Hormones produced by the ovaries are very important because they: regulate the menstrual cycle; contribute to female sexual characteristics; participate in pregnancy, childbirth, and breast milk production; contribute to the health of the bones, heart, liver, brain, and other organs; influence mood, sleep, and sexual desire.

Fallopian tubes

They are two muscular ducts located on both sides of the uterus, with an approximate length of 10 cm.

Image of fallopian tube and ovary.
Credit: Therapractice Public domain.Edited in canva

At its distal end, it has finger-like structures, called fimbriae, whose purpose is to surround the ovary. Likewise, in its interior, it has hair-like arrangements called cilia which, when contracted, transport the spermatozoa to the ovum and also transport the ovum (unfertilized) or the embryo (fertilized) to the uterus.


It is the largest internal organ, pear-shaped and pear-sized. Its main function is to host the fetus and placenta during pregnancy. It has two differentiated segments, the body, and the cervix.

Image of uterus.
Credit: Therapractice Public domain.Edited in canva

The uterine body is made up of two layers:

  • Myometrium (thick muscular layer), which expands during pregnancy and contracts during childbirth, these are the so-called uterine contractions.
  • Endometrium (inner layer), which varies in thickness throughout the menstrual cycle, thickens after ovulation in expectation of a fertilized egg. If there is no fertilization, the endometrium breaks down, thins, and sheds, which is what we call menstruation.


It is a narrow structure located in the lower part of the uterus and connects to the vagina. It has a cylindrical shape and thick walls.

Image of cervix.
Credit: Therapractice Public domain.Edited in canva

Among its functions is the production of mucus, which prevents sperm from entering the uterus when the woman is pregnant; it protects against bacteria, keeps the vagina healthy, and allows the drainage of fluids, such as menstrual blood.

The cervix, during childbirth, can dilate, opening up to 10 cm wide.


It is a flexible muscular canal, varying from 6 to 8 cm in length. It is located anatomically in front of the rectum and behind the bladder and urethra. It connects the internal and external genitalia.

Image of vagina.
Credit: Therapractice Public domain.Edited in canva

Among its functions are described:

  • It houses the penis during penetration and collects sperm from ejaculation which will then travel to the cervix.
  • It has glands that produce a substance called vaginal discharge, which lubricates the vagina and its composition varies according to the menstrual cycle.
  • Its walls are covered with mucus and harbor Lactobacillus spp, a bacterium that keeps the pH low and prevents the presence of harmful bacteria.
  • It widens during childbirth (birth canal) and can also shrink.
  • It is the outlet for blood produced during a woman's menstruation.

Final considerations

  • Practicing self-observation and knowing our body, and its anatomy, is important for the care of our health. This will allow us to detect in time any situation that requires review and specialized assessment.

  • A visit to a specialist (gynecologist) should be made at least once a year.

  • Taking care of our health is to love ourselves, value ourselves, strengthen our self-esteem and generate well-being for a full life.

Credit: Geraldfriedrich2.Public domain

Thus we conclude the first installment of the female anatomy. In the second part, we will discuss the external female genitalia.

Thank you for your visit.

Bibliographic references consulted

-Hoare B., Khan Y. Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Female Internal Genitals. [Internet]. 2022. [quoted 2023 March] Available at
-Biggers, A. Female reproductive organ anatomy. [Internet]. 2021 [quoted 2023 March] Available at
-Cleveland Clinic. Female Reproductive System. [Internet]. 2022. [quoted 2023 March] Available at
-CMG-ATLANTA. Female Anatomy. [Internet] 2020 [quoted 2023 March]. Available at


About me
I am Venezuelan. PhD. Physician Parasitologist-Protozoologist. Trained in Collective Health, Fundamental Medical Sciences, Philosophy of Science and Educational Management.

About the cover: is an original production made with the program Canva (free version), using royalty-free elements. The avatar is a product of a photograph of my property, processed with the Toonlab application. An image was included in the cover, this is the source. The written production has been created exclusively for this participation.



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This is a great post
I really wish for all women to come across this post and see how they will take care of their body properly.
I love the way you made it so easy that even someone not in the medical Field will be able to read and understand

Greetings @sperosamuel15 grateful for your assessment and comment.
Thank you for advocating for us women, with your good intentions and wishes, on behalf of all I thank you sincerely.

I love the way you made it so easy that even someone not in the medical Field will be able to read and understand.

Then I am very happy and grateful I have achieved the intention and purpose, I always advocate for an understandable language. Only in this way can we promote health towards healthy lifestyles.

We look forward to your participation.
Happy and blessed week.

You're always welcomed ma

Thank you for sharing this information, I like your didactic presentation. Greetings!

Greetings @chaodietas, thank you for your visit and expert opinion is very important to me.
Happy weekend to you and yours.

Thank you for sharing this information!

Hi @mrscryptopanda85 it's nice to meet you. Very grateful for your presence and for your reading.

I invite you to this community. Here we promote health, sharing various topics. It is a community for all health and non-health personnel. We always have initiatives in which you can participate and share experiences. If you feel like it, we are here. This March is the month of women's health.

Until another time, happy weekend to you and yours.

Hi! @marilour when I found it via you I joined. I have spent almost 20 years in the medical field. Have a great weekend!

Excellent @mrscryptopanda85 , glad you joined. I look forward to your participation. Have you already joined our discord?
Thank you for your good wishes, so be it.

@marilour I did not know there was a discord - I will look into that. Thank you :)

Say no more here is the link, Discord Channel. There you will be able to interact with other members and find out about our news.

Yay! 🤗
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Very grateful and gratified for the support @almajandra, thank you @ecency team I sincerely appreciate it.

You are welcome @marilour, thank you so much for this valuable and timely information for us women.
Thank you @ecency team

This is a well researched and educative post, and it's content is one women should be fully aware of in order to aid them in taking good Care of themselves, and to stay healthy. Thank you for sharing this beautiful piece. Dr 👏

Greetings @ksam nice to meet you. I sincerely thank and appreciate your presence and your comment, gratified.

It is our main goal and purpose, to spread, share knowledge and make it friendly to all. As health personnel, it is our vital goal, only in this way among all, we can raise awareness that we ourselves are the ones who by strengthening our knowledge, associating them with our experiences we can increase the control and vigilance over our health to take care of it, and improve it.

This month dedicated especially to us, it is vital to promote health, many women today are unaware of aspects of their body, in which they should be the guardians of their health and welfare. This is the only way to prevent many diseases and have a full life.

Until another time.
Happy week to you and yours.

Thanks for your contribution to the STEMsocial community. Feel free to join us on discord to get to know the rest of us!

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Greetings @stemsocial team. I am honored and grateful for your support. I sincerely appreciate it. Health and wellness to all.

The human body is a complex organism. 😊 !PIZZA

Hello dear @blitzzzz very right in your words. Our organism wonderful creation is an end end of complexities, many today still unknown.
Thank you for your visit.
Thank you for my ration of 🍕
Happy and restful weekend.


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Good uncomplicated explanation. It's important women know what happens in their own body, but more men could also do with at least this basic understanding of female anatomy.

Hi @stuartcturnbull it's a pleasure to have you around, grateful for your visit and opinion.

Wonderful integral conception of health, it is the must be. Knowledge should be universal and reciprocal. Just as we should familiarize ourselves with men's bodies, let us exercise universal health promotion and surveillance.

Especially in the gynecological field, the association between men and women is very close, with causes and consequences for both.

Until another time.
Happy weekend to you and yours.

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I don't know why I had not completed this for a while, too many things aside .but finishing it , this is a full package to every woman and even men to know what role each part of a woman's reproductive system does.

Its walls are covered with mucus and harbor Lactobacillus spp, a bacterium that keeps the pH low and prevents the presence of harmful bacteria.

This Lactobacillus is often affected by douching, or use of offensive chemicals to wash the vagina and also harmful use of antibiotics which often result in overgrowth of normal Flora, mostly candida.

Thanks so much for this post.

Edit: I think you can crosspost this into Ladies of Hive community too.