ANATOMY OF ANTS🧠🐜🐜 / ANATOMIA DE LAS HORMIGAS👨‍🏫

in Fascinating Insects4 months ago (edited)
In this fantastic post I will explain what ants are, what their habitat and food are like. Also, what are its general characteristics, reproduction and more. And it is important to know about these fantastic insects since they are an example in our society of union and teamwork! but have you already seen an ant very closely ??? for example, do you have any idea what his blood is like? then we will answer all the questions !!👨‍💻👨‍🔬

En este fantastico post te explicare qué son las hormigas, cómo es su hábitat y alimentación. Además, cuáles son sus características generales, reproducción y más. Y es que es importante conocer sobre estos fantasticos insectos ya que son un ejemplo en nuestra sociedad sobre la union y el trabajo en equipo! pero ya has visto una hormiga muy de cerca??? por ejemplo tienes idea como es su sangre? entonces vamos a responder todas las preguntas!!🧫🔬🔬

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WHAT ARE ANTS?🙂🕷🦂🦟🐜, QUE SON LAS HORMIGAS¿?🧠👍

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Ants are a type of insect belonging to the Formicidae family. They are zoologically related to bees and termites, the so-called eusocial insects. They are famous for their cooperative life and industriousness. Ants, whose name for science is Formicids, belong to the order Hymenoptera, of which wasps, bees and some species of flies also form part.😍😍🕵️‍♀️
Las hormigas son un tipo de insecto perteneciente a la familia de los formícidos. Están emparentados zoológicamente con las abejas y las termitas, los llamados insectos eusociales. Son son célebres por su vida cooperativa y laboriosidad. Las hormigas, cuyo nombre para la ciencia es Formícidos, pertenecen al orden de los himenópteros de donde también forman parte las avispas, abejas y algunas especies de mosca.🙋‍♂️👨‍💻

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Ant populations in the world reach billions of copies classified in more than 8,800 species, however it is estimated that there are many other species that have not yet been discovered. There are about 10,000 known species of ants distributed in almost all areas of the plant (except Antarctica), although they prefer warm environments. It is estimated that there are around one thousand trillion (1015) and ten thousand trillion (1016) ants on our planet, 15 to 25% of the total existing biomass.😮😮
Las poblaciones de hormigas en el mundo llegan a los billones de ejemplares clasificadas en más de 8,800 especies, sin embargo se estima que existen muchas otras especies que aún no han sido descubiertas. Existen alrededor de 10,000 especies conocidas de hormigas distribuidas en casi todas las zonas del plante (excepto la Antártida), aunque prefieren los ambientes cálidos. Se estima que existen alrededor de mil billones (1015) y diez mil billones (1016) de hormigas en nuestro planeta, un 15 al 25% de la biomasa total existente.💥💥💯

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Ants are small insects, ranging between 2 and 25 millimeters and varying in color from black to brown, red or yellow. Its body is made up of a head (with antennae and chelicerae), a mesosome (thorax and first abdominal segment), and metasoma or gaster (final abdomen). Some species have deposits of poison (stingers) or formic acid that they use as defense. In addition, they have unique morphological characteristics among insects, such as their elbow antennae, metapleural glands and two pairs of jaws: the first to hold objects (up to 50 times the weight of the animal) and the second to feed.😍😍
Las hormigas son insectos de tamaño pequeño, oscilando entre 2 y 25 milímetros y variando en coloración desde el negro al marrón, rojo o amarillo. Su cuerpo está compuesto de una cabeza (con antenas y quelíceros), un mesosoma (tórax y primer segmento abdominal) y metasoma o gáster (abdomen final). Algunas especies cuentan con depósitos de veneno (aguijones) o de ácido fórmico que emplean como defensa. Además, poseen características morfológicas únicas entre los insectos, como sus antenas en codo, glándulas metapleurales y dos pares de mandíbulas: el primero para sujetar objetos (de hasta 50 veces el peso del animal) y las segundas para alimentarse.😮😮

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WAR MACHINES?🙂🕷🦂🦟🐜, MAQUINAS DE GUERRA¿?🧠👍

Of course, many times you went through an anthill and stepped on an ant and felt that feeling of power, right? But why don't we take the fight to the right size! if you were the size of an ant? You probably didn't win a match against her, did you know that ants have a record in the animal kingdom? for example they have the record of being the fastest moving animal in the animal kingdom! And for example the bullet ant is one of the animals with the most powerful poison on the planet, it is said that if you receive a bite from a bullet ant you will feel brutal pain for two days! so much so that it is said that on the pain scale it is the equivalent of the pain of being shot!😮😏😨
Claro muchas veces pasastes por un hormiguero y pisastes una hormiga y sentistes aquella sensacion de poder cierto? pero porque no llevamos el combate a un tamaño justo! si fueras del tamaño de una hormiga? probablemente no ganabas un combate contra ella, sabias que las hormigas tienen record en el reino animal? por ejemplo tienen el registro de ser el animal con el movimiento mas rapido del reino animal! y por ejemplo la hormiga bala es uno de los animales con el veneno mas poderoso del planeta, se dice que si recibes una picadura de una hormiga bala sentiras un dolor brutal por dos dias! tanto que se dice que en la escala de dolor es el equivalente al dolor de recibir un disparo!💥💥💥💥

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ANATOMY?🙂🕷🦂🦟🐜, ANATOMIA¿?🧠👍

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Your body is made up of three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. It has three pairs of legs, that is, six legs. It also has two antennas. This part of the body is elongated and at the same time round. In this there are various sensory organs. It is composed of a very strong jaw, two eyes and two antennae. These two antennas are used to touch, smell and taste.😮🤔
Su cuerpo está compuesto de tres partes: cabeza, tórax y abdomen. Tiene tres pares de patas, es decir, seis patas. También tiene dos antenas. Esta parte del cuerpo es alargada y a la vez redonda. En esta hay diversos órganos sensoriales. Está compuesta por una mandíbula muy fuerte, por dos ojos y dos antenas. Estas dos antenas son las utilizadas para tocar, oler y degustar.🧠👄👅

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Its size varies according to the species, and it is covered by a protective layer known as the exoskeleton. It is with this layer that the ant avoids losing water and allows it to support its body. They are made up of several very small lenses that are attached to each other. Their eyes are very useful for the sharp detection of movements, however, they do not generate a high resolution image. Certain ants have three small spots on their heads, which function as extra eyes. These spots are called ocelli, which can perfectly detect light.😶😶
Su tamaño varía acorde a la especie, y está recubierta por una capa protectora que se conoce como exoesqueleto. Es con esta capa que la hormiga evita perder el agua y le permite apoyar su cuerpo. Se componen de diversos lentes de muy pequeño tamaño que se unen entre sí. Sus ojos son muy útiles para la detección aguda de los movimientos, sin embargo, no generan una imagen de alta resolución. Ciertas hormigas presentan tres manchas de pequeño tamaño en sus cabezas, las cuales funcionan como ojos extras. Dichas manchas se llaman ocelos, las cuales logran detectar perfectamente la luz.👀👁

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Through the two antennas the ants detect chemical substances, vibrations and air currents; they can transmit and receive signals through touch. Each of these antennas helps the ant to search through the senses of touch, smell and taste, these are joined in the middle, thus allowing them to be folded.😍😍
A través de las dos antenas las hormigas detectan sustancias químicas, vibraciones y corrientes de aire; las mismas pueden transmitir y recibir señales por medio del tacto. Cada una de estas antenas ayuda a la hormiga a buscar a través de los sentidos del tacto, del olfato y del gusto, estas se unen en el medio permitiendo así doblarlas.🧠🧠

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PERFECT NATURE?🙂🕷🦂🦟🐜, ANATOMIA PERFECTA¿?🧠👍

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Although these insects die if their body temperature exceeds 53.6ºC, they remain alive thanks to an ingenious mechanism that allows them to stay fresh, according to an international team of scientists who published the results of their research in the journal Science.😮😮
aunque estos insectos mueren si su temperatura corporal supera los 53,6ºC, se mantienen vivas gracias a un ingenioso mecanismo que les permite conservarse frescas, según descubrió un equipo internacional de científicos que publicó los resultados de su investigación en la revista Science.🤔🤔

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The secret, the scientists explain, is in the unique structure and organization of their hair, which allows them to control a wide range of the solar spectrum to lower their body temperature. And, on the other hand, this cover makes it easier for the ant to spread its own internal heat to the cooler air that surrounds them.😃😃
El secreto, explican los científicos, está en la singular estructura y organización de su pelo, que les permite controlar una amplia gama del espectro solar para reducir su temperatura corporal. Y, por otro, esta cubierta le facilita a la hormiga diseminar su propio calor interno hacia el aire más fresco que las rodea.😮😮

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Two cooling mechanisms that, combined, prevent the body temperature of the ants from exceeding the maximum allowed of 53.6ºC. These fibers are like a mirror for visible and near infrared light. In addition, they emit energy in the mid-infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.😁😁
Dos mecanismos de refrigeración que, combinados, impiden que la temperatura corporal de las hormigas supere el máximo permitido de 53,6ºC. Estas fibras son como un espejo para la luz visible y próxima al infrarrojo cercano. Además, emiten energía en la porción del infrarrojo medio del espectro electromagnético.🌞🌕

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The jaws are used to manipulate objects, transport food, for defense and to build nests. They are shown as large bumps that arch from the mouth, using these as hands to grab or bite.😮😮
Las mandíbulas son empleadas para manipular objetos, transportar alimentos, para la defensa y para construir nidos. Se muestran como grandes protuberancias que se arquean a partir de la boca, utilizando estas como manos para agarrar o morder.😨

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It is also known as a metasoma. Part that is responsible for protecting the internal organs of this insect, such as the organs of the respiratory system, the reproductive system, and the excretory system.😶😶
También se conoce como metasoma. Parte que se encarga de proteger los órganos internos de este insecto, como son los órganos del aparato respiratorio, del aparato reproductivo, y del sistema excretor.👨‍🏫👨‍🎓

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It involves the upper body. Which has a thorax, this being the upper abdomen. This part is muscular and thin, which aims to strengthen the legs. It is attached through the petiole to the lower part of the ant's body, which allows it to straighten and bend with great ease.🤩🤔🤔
Se trata de la parte superior del cuerpo. El cual posee tórax, siendo este la zona superior del abdomen. Esta parte es muscular y delgada, la cual tiene como objetivo fortalecer las patas. Se une a través del peciolo a la parte baja del cuerpo de la hormiga, lo cual le permite enderezarse y doblarse con gran facilidad.😮😮

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In total there are three series of legs that start from the mesosome region. Each of the legs has three units, and is covered with small hair that contributes to the cleanliness of ants. With these the ants can feel everything around them.🦗🦟🐜
En total son tres serie de patas que parten desde la región del mesosoma. Cada una de las patas presenta tres unidades, y se encuentra recubierta de cabellos pequeños que contribuye al aseo de las hormigas. Con estas las hormigas pueden sentir todo lo que le rodea.🦿🦿

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BLOOD SYSTEM?🙂🕷🦂🦟🐜, SISTEMA SANGUINEO¿?🧠👍

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The Ant has an Open or Lacunar circulatory system, the Hemolinga, once it leaves the heart through blood vessels, dumps into large interorganic spaces to return again to the rudimentary heart through other blood vessels🩸🩸
La Hormiga posee un sistema circulatorio Abierto o Lacunar, la Hemolinga una vez que sale del corazón por medio de vasos sanguíneos se vuelca en grandes espacios Interorgánicos para retornar nuévamente hacia el corazón rudimentario por otros vasos sanguíneso👨‍🏫👨‍🎓

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TYPES OF ANTS?🙂🕷🦂🦟🐜, TIPOS DE HORMIGAS¿?🧠👍

Workers. The common ants we see collecting matter, building or repairing the entrances of the anthill. They are all sterile females, in charge of most of the tasks within the nest, such as handling the food, extending the tunnels, transporting the young or tending to the queen.👨‍🔧👨‍🌾

Soldiers. Also called older workers or big heads, since they have a more voluminous and stronger physique than their fellow workers. They are in charge of security against infiltrations of other insects or attacks of any kind. However, they are not present in all species.🧜‍♂️🧜‍♂️

Queens Each hive or colony has one or two queens, which are larger winged ants, founder of colonies. Its life is exceptionally long (between 1 and 30 years) and its only mission in the nest is to be fertilized by a male and then to deposit thousands of eggs daily from which larvae of new ants will hatch.👸👸

Males They are usually not very abundant in each colony, since their mission is simply to impregnate the queen. Once the task is completed, the male may subsist on the colony or may die, since his life span is usually quite short. In some cases, they do not even see the colony form (when virgin queens or "princesses" are impregnated). They are winged ants, which can change their colony or they can stay in one and help defend it.🧑👨

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Ants produce a new generation of insects every year. For the cycle to begin, young and virgin queens ("princesses") must fly during a specific time of year to meet a male that fertilizes them, in what is called the "nuptial flight." These insects have a type of chemical communication, through the secretion of pheromones perceived by their antennae. Ants are extremely territorial creatures, and they tend to guard the surroundings of their nest with ferocity.🕵️‍♀️👨‍🎓👨‍🏫
Las hormigas producen una generación nueva de insectos cada año. Para que el ciclo comience, las reinas jóvenes y vírgenes (“princesas”) deben volar durante una época específica del año para encontrarse con un macho que las fecunde, en lo que se llama el “vuelo nupcial”. Estos insectos poseen un tipo de comunicación química, mediante la secreción de feromonas percibidas por sus antenas.Las hormigas son criaturas sumamente territoriales, y suelen custodiar los alrededores de su nido con ferocidad.😮😮

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https://www.caracteristicas.co/hormigas/ https://www.bioenciclopedia.com/hormigas/ https://www.fundacionaquae.org/clip-natura-hormigas/ https://www.partesdel.com/partes_de_la_hormiga.html https://www.bbc.com/mundo/noticias/2015/06/150622_hormigas_desierto_calor_lp

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