《失控》steemCreated with Sketch.

in wherein •  last month 

最近在看《失控》这本书,里面的精华,作者总结为9律,结合疫情这个特殊时期来看这9律,感受更深,文字整理如下,和大家共勉~
1⃣ 分布式:当总体大于各部分的简单和时,多出来的部分就分布于各部分之中。无论何时,当我们从无中得到某物,就会发现它衍生自许多相互作用的更小的部件;
2⃣ 自下而上的控制:全面控制必须由自身最底层相互连接的行动,通过并行方式来完成,而非出于中央指令的行为。群体能够引导自己,要想无中生有,控制必然依赖于简单性的底层;
3⃣ 递增收益。每当你使用一个想法、一种语言或者一项技能时,你都在强化它、巩固它,并使它更具被重用的可能。新约里描述为:“凡有的,还要给他更多”。成功孕育成功,信心建立信心,秩序造就更多的秩序;
4⃣ 模块化生长。创造一个能运转的复杂系统的唯一途径,就是先从一个能运转的简单系统开始。需要时间让各个部分相磨合,通过将简单且能独立运作的模块逐步组装起来,复杂性就诞生了;
5⃣ 边界最大化。世界产生于差异性,多样性垂青于那些天高皇帝远的地方、那些不为人知的隐秘角落、那些混乱时刻、那些被孤立的种族;
6⃣ 鼓励犯错误。无论随机还是刻意的错误,都必然成为任何创造过程中不可分割的一部分。进化可以看作是一种系统化的错误管理机制;
7⃣ 不求最优,但求多目标。大型系统的生存之道,不是将任一功能最优化,而是多数功能“足够好”;
8⃣ 谋求持久的不均衡态。静止不变和过于剧烈的变化都无益于创造,均衡即死;
9⃣ 变自生变。变化本身是可以结构化的,而深层进化,是关于改变个体的规则如何随时间而变化的学说。要做到从无中生出更多的有,就必须要有能自我变化的规则。

来自于 [WhereIn Android] (http://www.wherein.io)

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