Glossary of basic agroecological terms, Chapter III

in #agriculture2 months ago (edited)
Dear readers, another week where we are going to share basic terminology related to agro-ecological sciences, is an educational material aimed at strengthening knowledge in the agricultural area, if it is the first time you visit our blog we invite you to review our content and in particular the previous deliveries on basic concepts, which you can quickly access by clicking on the following links:

Without further ado let's get started!

Terminology by the letter B

  • Biotic: when this term is used it is to refer to living organisms, for example, in agricultural ecosystems the plants and animals present are part of the biotic component.
Terminology by the letter C

  • Compost: this term refers to a solid organic fertilizer that is obtained through an aerobic fermentation process of organic matter of plant and animal origin.

  • Composting: this term refers to the aerobic decomposition process carried out by certain microorganisms on organic matter to obtain an organic fertilizer called compost.

  • Conservation of natural resources: this term refers to the rational use of natural resources that are present in an ecosystem, for example, soil, water among others.

Public domain image taken from Wikimedia Commons

Terminology by the letter D

  • Deforestation: this term is used to refer to the felling of trees in ecosystems, this practice is used when natural ecosystems are transformed into agricultural ecosystems.

  • Degradation: this term is used from the ecological and agricultural point of view to refer to the deterioration and decrease of the natural resources present in the ecosystem such as, for example, soil, biodiversity among others.

  • Denitrification: from an agricultural point of view, this term refers to the reduction of nitrates and nitrites from the soil to free nitrogens by the action of some microorganisms.

Terminology by the letter E

  • Ecology: ecology is a science that studies the relationship that exists between living beings and their environment, or the relationship between them.

  • Ecosystem: with this term it refers to a specific area or zone where a set of living beings inhabit, for example, aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. The spaces destined for food production can be called agricultural ecosystems because a series of living organisms such as plants and animals interact there.

  • Edaphology: edaphology is a science that is responsible for studying the soil, taking into account its chemical, physical and biological characteristics, generally in agriculture mention is made of the term edaphoclimatic characteristics to indicate the characteristics soil and climate.

Terminology by the letter F

  • Fauna: this term encompasses all the animals found on our planet earth, but it is generally discriminated according to the geographical area or surface where, for example, the fauna of the southern area of Lake Maracaibo is found, referring to the animals present in that region.

  • Phenology: it is a science that is responsible for studying aspects of the regular rounds of the living beings, in agriculture when he speaks about the stages phenological plant that refers to the stages through which they pass as they develop, between those stages is the vegetative, reproductive, and productive.

  • Fermentation: when this term is used it is to refer to the degradation of organic matter in the absence of oxygen carried out by certain microorganisms, in agriculture there are some practices that are carried out through fermentation such as silage for animals, where fodder accumulates in spaces with the absence of oxygen to preserve them.

Dear readers, in the area of agricultural it is important to know the technical terms used to determine what types of processes or situations are occurring within ecosystems, agricultural, empirical knowledge acquired by the producer are important, but should always be accompanied by scientific knowledge and academic to know what are the causes of certain phenomena in the agroecoistemas. The idea is to provide technical support to the producer, guiding and educating him in each of the processes of the system.

Until a next installment, thanks for staying until the end.

Bibliographic references
  • Rodríguez, J; Gutiérrez, E and Rodríguez, H. (2010). Dynamics of grazing systems. Threshing. D.F: Mexico.

  • School of Agroecology (2009). Compendium on agroecology. Volume II. Venezuela.

  • Mazparrote, S. and Delascio, F.(1998). Botany. Editorial Biosfera. Caracas: Venezuela.

  • Urbano, T. (2008). Engineering of plant production. Mundi-Press. Madrid: Spain.

  • Mazparrote, S. and Padilla, L. (2005). Dictionary of Ecology. Biosphere. Caracas: Venezuela.

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