Brief outline of ecological management in plantain cultivation.

in #agriculture8 months ago (edited)
Dear readers, the plantaincrop is a fruit of great economic importance worldwide and to achieve an excellent yield it must be provided with adequate agronomic management, one of the crucial factors in production is when it is affected by the fungus Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet which is commonly known as black sigatoka, which is considered a very destructive disease in the musaceae family, because it causes a kind of burning or necrosis in the leaves of the plants, which significantly influences the optimal characteristics of the fruit, since the plant needs at least eight to ten functional leaves to carry out the photosynthesis process and therefore the proper filling of the fruit.

Generally, for the control of black sigatoka, growers use synthetic fungicides that can be very expensive and, in addition, the fungus can sometimes create resistance to the applied product. Currently, with the paradigm of sustainable agriculture, alternatives such as sulfocalcic broth, native microorganisms, among others, have begun to be used, in addition to focusing on proper crop management that favors the availability of nutrients for the plant.

The aforementioned alternatives are not intended to displace management based on chemical controls, but integrated management can be implemented alternating both ecological and synthetic alternatives to achieve efficient control and possible resistance by the fungus, the purpose will always be to ensure efficient management for small, medium and large plantain producers with the intention of reducing their costs and the levels of contamination generated and to increase biodiversity in soils and the entire agricultural ecosystem.

On the other hand, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) mentions that the intensive use of agrochemicals on crops continues to be a challenge in the agricultural sector, specifically in the specialized plantain production, due to the excessive use and incorrect handling of fungicides by workers who are responsible for the application, which causes an occupational health problem, running the risk of contracting diseases such as cancer or poisoning. Technological tools such as drones are now being used to apply fungicides to plantain, but there is still a risk of a public health problem, since certain substances are spread in the air and can affect nearby rural communities.

Dear readers, for all the above mentioned the ecological control can become a possible solution because the idea is to promote germination, growth, flowering, fruiting and ripening of the plantain crop, increasing the presence of organic matter and improving the physical and chemical biological properties of the soil, in addition to this, it ensures the photosynthetic capacity of plants with a large number of healthy and functional leaves which guarantees a better production and quality of fruits.

In future publications we will share with you how to elaborate some of the mentioned products, as well as some experimental results obtained for the control of black sigatoka.

From agrotecnia we reiterate our gratitude to our followers and all the communities that value our agricultural content, this commits us to continue sharing quality information with the whole hive.

Sort:  

Buenos días. Excelente propuesta agronómica. El manejo integrado de agroquímicos con productos naturales es muy favorable al ambiente y seguramente más barato. El detalle importante es la posible merma de la producción. Saludos. aliriera

Greetings dear @aliriera, thank you for your valuable comment, certainly the ideal from the ecological point of view would be to use only organic products, but this requires a transition period for producers to demonstrate that some of these organic products have some effectiveness.

On the other hand, when agronomic and cultural management, such as fertilization, leaf removal, good drainage, among others, is carried out, it is possible to maintain healthy crops, therefore, we talk about an integrated management where certain alternatives can be alternated, which surely guarantees the production of the item.

See you later, have a great weekend.

I read think the use of microorganisms that infect these fungi could be promising! Usually, it is very difficult to destroy fungi, and the chemicals need to be very toxic for humans and animals.
Cheers,
!1UP

Greetings friend @gwajnberg, certainly such synthetic fungicides can generate an alteration in ecosystems by their levels of toxicity, therefore, have begun to try different alternatives, efficient microorganisms could be an excellent alternative to keep the soil healthy and therefore healthy plants, in future articles indagermos about that a little.

See you later, have a great weekend.

King-1UP-Cartel-250px.png

You have received a 1UP from @gwajnberg!

The @oneup-cartel will soon upvote you with:
@stem-curator, @neoxag-curator
And they will bring !PIZZA 🍕, !PGM 🎮 and !LOLZ 🤣

Learn more about our delegation service to earn daily rewards. Join the Cartel on Discord.

Thank you for your constant support, dear friends, it stimulates us to continue with our publications.

Have a great weekend.